Preview Warm Up California Standards Lesson Presentation
Warm Up Simplify each expression. 1.3(10a + 4) – 2 2. 5(20 – t) + 8t 3. (8m + 2n)– (5m + 3n) 30a + 10 100 + 3t 3m – n Solve by using any method. y – 2x = 4 2x – y = –1 5. 4. (1, 6) (4, 9) x + y = 7 y = x + 5
9.0 Students solve a system of two linear equations in two variables algebraically and are able to interpret the answer graphically. Students are able to solve a system of two linear inequalities in two variables and to sketch the solution sets. 15.0Students apply algebraic techniques to solve rate problems, work problems, and percent mixture problems. California Standards
When a kayaker paddles downstream, the river’s current helps the kayaker move faster, so the speed of the current is added to the kayaker’s speed in still water to find the total speed. When a kayaker is going upstream, the speed of the current is subtracted from the kayaker’s speed in still water. You can use these ideas and a system of equations to solve problems about rates of speed.
Additional Example 1: Solving Rate Problems With a tailwind, an airplane makes a 900-mile trip in 2.25 hours. On the return trip, the plane flies against the wind and makes the trip in 3 hours. What is the plane’s speed? What is the wind’s speed? Let p be the rate at which the plane flies in still air, and let w be the rate of the wind. Use a table to set up two equations–one for against the wind and one for with the wind.
Remember! rate time = distance
p – w Upwind 3 = 900 Downwind p + w 2.25 = 900 3(p – w) = 900 Solve the system 2.25(p + w) = 900. 3p – 3w = 900 First write the system as 2.25p + 2.25w = 900, Additional Example 1 Continued = Time Rate Distance and then use elimination.
Additional Example 1 Continued Multiply each term in the first equation by –0.75 to get opposite coefficients of p. –0.75(3p – 3w = 900) Step 1 2.25p + 2.25w = 900 –2.25p+ 2.25w = –675 + 2.25p + 2.25w = 900 Add the new equation to the second equation. Step 2 4.5w = 225 Simplify and solve for w. w = 50
Step 3 3p – 3w = 900 3p – 150 = 900 + 150 + 150 3p = 1050 Step 4 (350, 50) Additional Example 1 Continued Write one of the original equations. 3p – 3(50) = 900 Substitute 50 for w. Add 150 to both sides. Divide both sides by 3. p = 350 Write the solution as an ordered pair. The plane’s speed is 350 mi/h and the wind’s speed is 50 mi/h.
Additional Example 2: Solving Mixture Problems A chemist mixes a 20% saline solution and a 40% saline solution to get 60 milliliters of a 25% saline solution. How many milliliters of each saline solution should the chemist use in the mixture? Let t be the milliliters of 20% saline solution and f bethe milliliters of 40% saline solution. Use a table to set up two equations–one for the amount of solution and one for the amount of saline.
t Solution + f = 60 Saline + 0.20t 0.40f = 0.25(60) = 15 t + f = 60 Solve the system 0.20t + 0.40f = 15. Additional Example 2 Continued = 20% 40% 25% + Saline Saline Saline Use substitution.
t + f = 60 – f – f t = 60 – f Additional Example 2 Continued Solve the first equation for t by subtracting f from both sides. Step 1 Substitute 60 – f for t in the second equation. Step 2 0.20t + 0.40f = 15 0.20(60 – f) + 0.40f = 15 Distribute 0.20 to the expression in parentheses. 0.20(60) – 0.20f+ 0.40f = 15
– 12 – 12 0.20f = 3 Additional Example 2 Continued Step 3 12 – 0.20f + 0.40f = 15 12 + 0.20f = 15 Simplify. Solve for f. Subtract 12 from both sides. Divide both sides by 0.20. f = 15
–15 –15 t = 45 Additional Example 2 Continued Write one of the original equations. Step 4 t + f = 60 t + 15 = 60 Substitute 15 for f. Subtract 15 from both sides. (15, 45) Write the solution as an ordered pair. Step 5 The chemist should use 15 milliliters of the 40% saline solution and 45 milliliters of the 20% saline solution.
Original number: 10t + u New number: 10u + t Additional Example 3: Solving Number-Digit Problems The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is 10. When the digits are reversed, the new number is 54 more than the original number. What is the original number? Let t represent the tens digit of the original number and let u represent the units digit. Write the original number and the new number in expanded form.
The sum of the digits in the original number is 10. First equation: t + u = 10 The new number is 54 more than the original number. Second equation: 10u + t = (10t + u) + 54 Additional Example 3 Continued Now set up two equations. Simplify the second equation, so that the variables are only on the left side.
– u – u 9u + t = 10t + 54 – 10t =–10t 9u – 9t = 54 Additional Example 3 Continued 10u + t = 10t + u + 54 Subtract u from both sides. Subtract 10t from both sides. Divide both sides by 9. u – t = 6 Write the left side with the variable t first. –t + u = 6
t + u = 10 –t + u = + 6 2u = 16 – 8 – 8 t = 2 Additional Example 3 Continued t + u = 10 Now solve the system Use elimination. –t + u = 6. Step 1 Add the equations to eliminate the t term. Step 2 Divide both sides by 2. u = 8 Write one of the original equations. t + u = 10 Step 3 t + 8 = 10 Substitute 8 for u. Subtract 8 from both sides.
Check the solution using the original problem. Check Additional Example 3 Continued Step 4 (2, 8) Write the solution as an ordered pair. The original number is 28. The sum of the digits is 2 + 8 = 10. When the digits are reversed, the new number is 82 and 82 – 54 = 28.
Lesson Quiz: Part I 1. Allyson paddles her canoe 9 miles upstream in 4.5 hours. The return trip downstream takes her 1.5 hours. What is the rate at which Allyson paddles in still water? What is the rate of the current? 4 mi/h, 2mi/h 2. A pharmacist mixes Lotion A, which is 5% alcohol, with Lotion B, which is 10% alcohol, to make 50 mL of a new lotion that is 8% alcohol. How many milliliters of Lotions A and B go into the mixture? 20 mL of Lotion A and 30 mL of Lotion B.
Lesson Quiz: Part II 3. The sum of the digits of a two digit number is 13. When the digits are reversed, the new number is 9 less than the original number. What is the original number? 76