Bell Ringers How are each of these transportation systems important to Georgia’s economy? • Interstate Highways • Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport • Deep Sea Ports (at Savannah & Brunswick) • Railroads
Prehistoric Peoples Early Native Americans in Georgia
Standard SS8H1 The student will evaluate the development of Native American cultures and the impact of European exploration and settlement on the Native American cultures in Georgia. a. Describe the evolution of Native American cultures (Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian) prior to European contact.
Essential Question How did various developments in the culture of prehistoric Native Americans mark their evolution from the Paleo period through the Mississippian Period?
Today’s Agenda Opening: Archaeology Video Work Session: Interactive PowerPoint Closing: Mississippian Culture Video
Native American Archeology http://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/story/archaeology Record at least 2 facts to share with the class in video log.
Early People in Georgia **These are not tribes but time periods** Mississippian 800-1600 CE Woodland 1000 BCE-750 CE Paleo 12,000-8000 BCE Archaic 8000-1000 BCE
Paleo (12,000-8,000 BCE) ~ first humans in Georgia (13,250 years ago) ~ Culture: nomadic hunters and gatherers ~ Food: followed large game (mastodons and giant sloths). Then later deer when big animals died out ~ Weapons: Clovis point and spears ~ Shelter: made from animal skins which they moved from place to place as they hunted
Archaic (8,000-1,000 BCE) ~ descended from the Paleo people ~ Culture: nomadic hunters and gatherers with developed technology (primitive pottery) ~ Food: hunted deer and later fish when they developed hooks and nets ~ Weapons: Atlatl (spear throwing mechanism) ~ Shelter: made from animal skins which they moved from place to place as they hunted
Woodland (1,000 BCE-750 CE) ~ first stationary people ~ Culture: set up small villages and were the first “mound builders” ~ Food: farming (especially corn) and continued to hunt deer but began to hunt smaller animals such as rabbits ~ Weapons: bow and arrow allowed for hunting smaller and faster game ~ Shelter: homes made of wood, leaves, and tree bark
Mississippian (800-1600 CE) ~ Most complex prehistoric culture in Georgia. First to encounter Europeans. Culture ended due to infections from European diseases which the Native Americans had no immunity against. ~ Culture: “mound builders” who organized themselves as a chiefdom (elites and commoners) ~ Food: large scale farmers who traded throughout North America ~ Weapons: bow and arrow allowed for hunting smaller and faster game ~ Shelter: mound towns
Primitive Technology http://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/story/primitive_technology Record at least 2facts.