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ABSOLUTE MONARCHS

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ABSOLUTE MONARCHS

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  1. ABSOLUTE MONARCHS CHAPTER 17

  2. Who are absolute monarchs? • Kings or queens who held all power within their states’ boundaries • They believed god created the monarchy and monarchs were God’s representative on earth (Divine Right)

  3. Louis XIV • Louis became king at 4 years old when his father died • Louis grew to hate the nobility, because of the riots that tore France apart during his childhood

  4. How Louis XIV was an Absolute Ruler? • “L’ètat, e’est moi”-------“I am the state” • Louis’ view was that he and the state were one in the same • He became the most powerful ruler in French history

  5. Louis attacks the Nobility • Louis excluded the nobility from the French councils • He increased the power of government agents called intendants • The intendants collected taxes

  6. Louis’ Legacy • When Louis died in 1715, people cheered! • Mixed legacy: • Positive: France ranked above all other European nations in art & literature. Also considered the military leader of Europe • Negative: Constant warfare & the construction of the Palace of Versailles put France into staggering debt. Plus the poor were burdened by high taxes