Gilded age Politics Bell Work: 1.What is the spoils system- when did it form? 2.What is a stalwart (Conklin)? 3.What is a half breed? 4.Who was James A Garfield… why did his association with the half-breeds lead to his assassination?
GILDED AGE POLITICS BELL WORK • Bell Work: • 1.What is the spoils system- when did it form? • 2.What is a stalwart (Conklin)? • 3.What is a half breed (Blaine)? • How did James Garfield’s association of being a half-breed lead to his assassination?
“Era of Good Stealings” • Ulysses S. Grant- “Grant had no right to exist. He should have been extinct for ages… That, two thousand years after Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar, a man like Grant should be called- and should actually and truly be- the highest product of the most advanced evolution, from President Washington to President Grant, was alone evidence enough to upset Darwin… Grant should have lived in a cave and worn skins.” Henry Adams
U.S. Grant (R) & Scandals • Political Failure? Or Rising Star? KKK crackdown. • Grant Cabinet- rip off artists • Black Friday- Gold Corner (Jay Gould) • Credit Mobilier (Oakes Ames)
Tammany Hall • William M. Tweed (political machines) • Political Machines… Graft • Thomas Nast (political cartoons) • Nasty • Grant and Santa Claus
Rutherford B. Hayes (R) • Elected over Samuel Tilden… brought down Boss Tweed • 2ndCorrupt Bargain- end of Reconstruction • creation of the Jim Crow Laws (segregation) • Plessy v. Ferguson • Chinese Exclusion Act (political suicide).
James Garfield (R) • Spoils System • Roscoe Conkling v. James G. Blaine • Stalwarts (Conkling), Half-Breeds (James G. Blaine), Independents • Assassination- (Charles Guiteau) • Chester A. Arthur- Pendleton Act • Civil Service Exam
Grover Cleveland (D) • Democrat… Mugwumps vs. Blaine • Election of 1884- “Burn this letter” v, Ma Ma where’s my Pa? Off to the White House Ha, Ha, Ha!” • RRR, Romanism, Rum, Ruin • “Though the people support the government, the government should not support the people” • Tariff issues (lower the tariff- anti business)
Benjamin Harrison (R) • Cleveland v. Harrison (Young Tippecanoe) • Waiving of the bloody shirt (now pink) • Twisting of the lions tail- vote for Cleveland is a vote for England • Loss of the surplus (tariffs and veteran pensions) • McKinley Tariff
Cleveland (again) • 2ndterm • Panic of 1893 • Silver Purchase Act (Repeals) • Pullman Strike (original quote- negative president)
William McKinley (R) • Bryan v. McKinley (twice) • Gold Standard and more tariffs • Ends depression • Spanish American War • Killed by Leon Czolgosz (anarchist at the World Fair) • Theodore Roosevelt (one shot away)