Chapter 24 South Asia Landforms and Resources
Mountains and Plateaus • This area is referred to as the “subcontinent,” because it is smaller than a continent, but has one fifth of the world’s population. • What natural barriers are found here that would prevent movement from one country to another? • HINDU KUSH, HIMALAYAS, INDIAN OCEAN, ARABIAN SEA, BAY OF BENGAL
Mt. Everest • The world’s tallest mountain • Located among 2 landlocked nations: Nepal and Bhutan • Among the Himalayas, made up of nearly 24 peaks over 24,000 feet high • Watch this next video about Everest
Hindu Kush Mountains WHICH TWO COUNTRIES IN THIS REGION SHARE THE HINDU KUSH MOUNTAINS?
SOUTHERN PLATEAUS SOUTHERN INDIA HAS WHICH PLATEAU? DECCAN PLATEAU THIS PLATEAU IS FRAMED BY WHICH TWO MOUNTAIN RANGES? WESTERN GHATS AND EASTERN GHATS
RIVERS, DELTAS, PLAINS • THREE GREAT RIVERS: GANGES, INDUS, BRAHMAPUTRA
BRAHMAPUTRA GANGES INDUS THESE THREE RIVERS HAVE THEIR ORIGINS IN THE MOUNTAINS NORTH OF INDIA. LOOK ON PAGE 552. WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE PLAIN THAT LIES BETWEEN THE DECCAN PLATEAU AND THE MOUNTAINS RANGES?
WHEN RIVERS OVERFLOW THEIR BANKS, THEY DEPOSIT SILT ON THE SURROUNDING PLAINS. THESE PLAINS ARE SOME OF THE RICHEST FARMLANDS IN THE WORLD. THE INDO-GANGETIC PLAIN HOLDS THREE FIFTHS OF INDIA’S POPULATION AND ITS LARGEST CITIES. WRITE A DEFINITION OF ALLUVIAL PLAINS IN YOUR NOTES
DESERTS THE THAR DESERT, OR GREAT INIDAN DESERT, IS LOCATED BETWEEN THE GANGES AND INDUS RIVERS. HOW IS THE THAR DESERT A RAIN SHADOW?
WRITE THESE TERMS AND DEFINITIONS IN YOUR NOTES: ARCHIPELAGO ATOLL THE ISLANDS OF MALDIVES AND SRI LANKA WERE FORMED BY VOLCANOES AND ARE SURROUNDED BY CORAL REEFS ONLY ABOUT 200 OF THE 1200 MALDIVES ISLANDS ARE INHABITED. ISLANDS
RESOURCES • Look on page 554 and 555. • What are resources that the region has from its water and soil? Minerals, hydroelctricity • What problem has resulted from the forest industry? deforestation • What minerals are mined in this region? Copper, coal, mica, natural gas • What resource is abundant in Sri Lanka?- diamonds
Look at the map on page 554 • WHY ARE THERE NO RESOURCES IN NEPAL? • WHAT IS INDIA’S MAJOR MINERAL RESOURCE? • WHAT ENERGY RESOURCES ARE FOUND IN PAKISTAN?
CHAPTER 24 PART 2 • CLIMATE AND VEGETATION IN SOUTH ASIA
SOUTH ASIAWET AND DRY,HOT AND COLD • This region has areas of seasonal rains, where the land is dry for 6 months and flooded for the other 6 months. • There are regions of very low land in Bangladesh and countries with very high elevation, Nepal and Bhutan.
CLIMATE REGIONS • Highland • Desert • Semiarid • Humid Subtropical • Tropical Wet and Dry • Tropical Wet
WHAT IS A MONSOON? • MONSOONS ARE THE SEASONAL WINDS • OCTOBER TO FEBRUARY IS DRY • JUNE TO SEPTEMBER IS RAINY • TURN TO PAGE 598 TO SEE HOW THE WINDS SHIFT.
DURING THE SUMMER MONSOON, THE WINDS BLOW FROM THE INDIAN OCEAN, BRINGING RAIN DURING THE WINTER MONSOON , THE WINDS BLOW FROM THE DRY MOUNTAINS AND DESERTS IN THE NORTH, BRINGING DRY AIR
CYCLONES CYCLONES ARE ANOTHER NAME FOR HURRICANES, AND THEY ARE MOST DESTRUCTIVE IN BANGLADESH WHY?
The 1991 cyclone caused damage and dislocation of South Asia’s population. • The next video clip tells one family’s struggle to survive the aftermath of the storm.
VEGETATIONLOOK AT THE MAP ON PAGE 557 • RAIN FOREST- BANGLADESH AND WESTERN INDIA • SAVANNA- MOST OF INDIA • DESERT- PAKISTAN AND NW INDIA • STEPPE- NORTHERN PAKISTAN • MIXED FOREST- NORTHERN REGION • HIGHLAND- NORTHERN MOUNTAINS
Human-Environment Interaction South Asia Chapter 24 Part 3
Daily Life Along the Ganges • The Ganges provides water for drinking, farming, transportation • The Hindus believe that the river brings life to India’s people and has healing powers • Pilgrims come to the river banks to drink, bathe, and to scatter the ashes of family members in the river • As the sun rises, they pray and celebrate their faith
FLOODING IN BANGLADESH • BECAUSE BANGLADESH IS SUBJECT TO FLOODING, DUE TO ITS LOW-LYING AREAS, BUILDING DAMS AND LEVEES IS ONE WAY TO PREVENT TIDAL AND STORM SURGES
THE FENI CLOSURE DAM LOOK AT THE NEXT SLIDES TO SEE HOW THE FENI RIVER WAS CLOSED OFF BY AN EARTHEN DAM
THOUSANDS OF WORKERS GATHER TO PREPARE TO CARRY THE BAGS OF ROCKS TO CREATE THE DAM