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Shurley Grammar

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  1. Shurley Grammar Chapter 2

  2. 1) Read Sentence2) Ask Question3) Name and Label

  3. Noun Jingle This little noun Floating around Names a person, place, or thing With a nick-nack-paddy-wack These are English rules Isn’t language fun and cool?

  4. Verb Jingle A verb, a verb. What is a verb? Haven’t you heard? There are two kinds of verbs: The action verb and the linking verb. The action verb shows a state of action, Like stand and sit and smile. The action verb is always doing Because it tells what the subject does. We stand! We sit! We smile! The linking verb is a state of being, Like am, is, are, was, and were, Look, become, grows, and feels. A linking verb shows no action Because it tells what the subject is. He is a clown. He looks funny.

  5. If you need to know the answer, then ask the question! • Who? (people) • What? (place, thing, idea) Doctor spoke. • Who spoke? Doctor-SN • What is being said about doctor? Doctor spoke-verb SN V • Doctorspoke

  6. If you need to know the answer, then ask the question! Horses ran. • What ran? horses-SN • What is being said about horses? Horses ran-verb SN V • Horses ran. Speaker arrived. • Who arrived? speaker-SN • What is being said about speaker? Speaker arrived-verb SN V • Speaker arrived.

  7. Practice

  8. Homework—1.2 WKST • Dog scratched. • Cooper swam. • Jet zoomed.

  9. Adverb Jingle An adverb modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. And adverb asks How? When? Where? Why To find an adverb: Go, Ask, Get. Where do I go? To a verb, adjective, or another adverb. What do I ask? How? When? Where? What do I get? An ADVERB! (clap) That’s what!

  10. Adverb definition: an adverb modifies (describes) a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Adverbs are labeled ADV. • Adverb questions: How? When? Where? Why? Under what condition? To what degree? A brilliant doctor spoke reluctantly. • Where do you go to find an adverb? • Where do you go first to find an adverb? • What is the verb in the sentence? • What question do you ask after you go to the verb spoke? • Which adverb question would you use to find the adverb in this sentence?

  11. Q & A Flow • Who spoke reluctantly? Doctor-SN • What is being said about doctor? Doctor spoke-V • Spoke how? Reluctantly-ADV • SN V ADV • A brilliant doctor spoke reluctantly.

  12. Adjective Jingle • An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun. • Ad adjective asks What kind? Which one? How many? • To find an adjective: Go, Ask, Get. • Where do I go? To a noun or a pronoun • What do I ask? What kind? Which one? How many? • What do I get? An ADJECTIVE! (clap) That’s what!

  13. Adjective definition: an adjective modifies a noun or pronoun. Adjectives are labeled ADJ. • Adjective questions: What kind? Which one? How many? • A brilliant doctor spoke reluctantly. • Where do you go to find an adjective? • Where do you go first to find an adjective? • What is the subject noun in the sentence? • What question do you ask after you go the subject noun doctor? • Which adjective question would you use to find the adjective in this sentence?

  14. Q & A Flow • Who spoke reluctantly? Doctor-SN • What is being said about doctor? Doctor spoke-V • Spoke how? Reluctantly-ADV • What kind of doctor? Brilliant-ADJ • ADJSN V ADV • A brilliant doctor spoke reluctantly.

  15. Article adjectives • Article adjectives are the 3 most commonly used adjectives—a, an, the. • They are sometimes called noun markers, because they tell that a noun is close by. • Article adjectives are labeled with an A. Q & A Flow Who spoke reluctantly? Doctor-SN What is being said about doctor? Doctor spoke-V Spoke how? Reluctantly-ADV What kind of doctor? Brilliant-ADJ A ADJ SN V ADV A brilliant doctor spoke reluctantly.

  16. All together, now! • Several chestnut horses ran fast. • Q & A Flow • What ran fast? Horses-SN • What is begin said about horses? Horses ran-V • Ran how? Fast-ADV • What kind of horses? Chestnut-ADJ • How many horses? Several-ADJ

  17. All together, now! • The keynote speaker arrived late yesterday. • Q & A Flow • Who arrived late yesterday? Speaker-SN • What is being said about speaker? Speaker arrived-V • Arrived when? Late-ADV • Arrived when? Yesterday-ADV • What kind of speaker? Keynote-ADJ • The-A

  18. All together, now! • The small tropical monkey chattered noisily. • Q & A Flow • What chattered noisily? Monkey-SN • What is begin said about monkey? Monkey chattered-V • Chattered how? Noisily-ADV • What kind of monkey? Tropical-ADJ • What kind of monkey? Small-ADJ • The-A

  19. Homework—1.12 WKST • The black cat hissed annoyingly. • The flimsy umbrella broke suddenly.

  20. There’s more? There’s more! • After you go through and classify each of the words, you now need to add the order of the sentence and the type of sentence. Here is what you say: • Subject Noun Verb Pattern 1 Check. (Write SN V P1 in the blank beside the sentence. Be sure to say check. You will use the check later to check for prepositional phrases.) • Period, statement, declarative sentence. (Circle the punctuation and write a D at the end of the sentence.) • Go back to the verb—divide the complete subject from the complete predicate. (As you divide, put a slash mark before your verb.)

  21. huh!? What in the world does that mean? SN V P1=The pattern of the sentence… here the noun and the verb are the only 2 major components. Period, statement, declarative sentence=The kind of sentence… here it is a statement, which makes it declarative Go back to the verb and divide the complete subject from the complete predicate=You are separating the subject and all of the words that modify it from the verb and all of the words that modify it.

  22. Let’s try again… • __________ A brilliant doctor spoke reluctantly. • __________ Several chestnut horses ran fast. • __________ The keynote speaker arrived late yesterday. • __________ The small tropical monkey chattered noisily.

  23. Homework—2.13 wkst • __________ The graceful ballerina danced beautifully. • __________ A hungry alligator lurked dangerously. • __________ Katniss fought bravely. • __________ The world-renowned panda died yesterday.

  24. More? Oh goody! • *Make sure you are asking the write questions… If you need to know the answer, ask the question!! • __________ An extremely brilliant doctor spoke very reluctantly. • __________ Several chestnut horses ran surprisingly fast. • __________ The famous keynote speaker arrived extremely late. • __________ Those two small tropical monkeys chattered quite noisily. • __________ A very hungry alligator lurked dangerously below.

  25. Homework—2.14 wkst • __________ That dangerous badger scurried away quickly. • __________ The huge, barbaric football player tackled very ferociously. • __________ This cute, adorable puppy yipped excitedly. • __________ An angry driver swerved .

  26. Capitalization and punctuation • Write the capitalization corrections and rule numbers above the word. Then, write the punctuation corrections and rule numbers below the word. Use the Capitalization and Punctuation Rules handout and the Editing Guide to know how many errors to correct. • Editing Guide: capitals: 10, commas: 5, periods: 2, underlining: 1, end marks: 1 • was c s lewis author of the silver chair born on november 29 1898 in belfastireland

  27. Capitalization and punctuation • Write the capitalization corrections and rule numbers above the word. Then, write the punctuation corrections and rule numbers below the word. Use the Capitalization and Punctuation Rules handout and the Editing Guide to know how many errors to correct. • Editing Guide: capitals: 22, commas: 9, apostrophes: 1, periods: 1, end marks: 4 • my sister shelly is living in madridspain for a years study in spanish literature she left august 29 1994 from stlouismissouri on a t w a flight to new york city new york shelley loves spain and the european lifestyle they eat lots of food and take a siesta every afternoon

  28. Homework—2.2 wkst • no john you cant hike up temple mountain and camp at silver lake with jamesbilly and larry • Editing Guide: capitals: 9, commas: 4, apostrophes: 1, end marks: 1

  29. Homework—2.2 wkst • aunt sue my moms sister visited hoover dam in nevada on march 31 1993 during easter vacation • Editing Guide: capitals: 7, commas: 4, apostrophes: 1, end marks: 1

  30. Homework—2.2 wkst • last july I went to an italian restaurant with joe my australian friend and ordered a caesar salad • Editing Guide: capitals: 7, commas: 2, end marks: 1

  31. Quiz Review (If this is something you still aren’t getting, you better study, study, study!) **You do not have to add in the rule. Simply make corrections. Editing Guide: capitals: 23, commas: 9, end marks: 7 • san francisco is a city with lots of personality clanging cable cars carry visitors up and down the steep hilly and narrow streets tourists wait in lines to take their cars down lombard street the curviest street in america visitors to the pier can tour a world war II submarine watch the sea lions playing from the seal rock café or enjoy a performance by a street musician the nearby island of alcatraz offers a tour of the prison that once housed al capoine the gangster chinatown known for its pagodas and exotic shops sists right in the middle of downtown san francisco yes san francisco is an interesting place to see

  32. Quiz Review (If this is something you still aren’t getting, you better study, study, study!) • ________ Three dangerous lions raced rapidly away. • ________ Soft snow fell yesterday. • ________ The smiling clerk spoke very clearly. • ________ Those very annoying girls screamed.

  33. Quiz Review (If this is something you still aren’t getting, you better study, study, study!) • **Remember to study your jingles, so you know what questions to ask. • **Remember to bring your Capitalization and Punctuation Rule handout with you… IF YOU DO NOT HAVE YOUR SHEET, YOU WILL HAVE TO TAKE YOUR QUIZ WITHOUT IT! (I would not, AT ALL, suggest that…unless you happen to have all of the rules memorized… or unless you purposefully want to get an F, which I also would not suggest.) • ***I have now told you to bring your handout verbally, it is written on the board, AND you have seen it on this slide, which we go over in class and is posted on my website. Therefore, there is NO excuse for not having it. Please don’t even bother making one up, it will only make me angry. • ****The moral of the story is to bring your Rules handout. Everyone can then do wonderfully on the test and we can all be happy.