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Federalist vs Antifederalist

Federalist vs Antifederalist

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Federalist vs Antifederalist

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  1. Federalist vs Antifederalist

  2. Federalist vs Antifederalist I will: Read and identify arguments from both the Federalist and Anti-federalist regarding the reasons for their support or opposition to the ratification of the U.S. constitution Parliament Funkadelic

  3. James Madison Alexander Hamilton John Jay Ratification Debate James Monroe Patrick Henry Federalist vs.Anti-federalist To Ratify = to approve Article VII: " The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same."

  4. The Ratification Controversy • State by State Debate and Voting • Closely contested nationally during 1787 and 1788 • Rejection by any of the four most prominent states-Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, or Virginia, would have doomed the Constitution.

  5. Federalist Problem • Anti-Federalists were led by “His Excellency,” Governor George Clinton. • Clinton’s popularity as “father of New York” made him a formidable rival. • Hamilton realized the urgency to get the message out to NYers

  6. Federalist Papers • Collection of 85 essays justifying every aspect of the Constitution. • Pseudonym:Publius John Jay (1745- 1829) James Madison (1751- 1836) Alexander Hamilton (1757-1804 )

  7. Federalist 10 • Advantage of Const is its ability to control factions. • Causes of Factions are natural, and eliminating causes would be worse injury than the desired effect. • Representative Dem ( not pure dem.) can control affects of Factions. • Easier to control Factions in Large Republic as opposed to a Small Republic Federalist 51 • “Ambition must be made to counteract ambition” • “If men were angels no government would be necessary.” • Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances is the key to preventing concentration of power in one place. • Must give each branch/chamber constitutional means and motives to resist encroachment from the others • Divide the Legislature and empower the Executive against the Leg ( Veto)

  8. #4 Constgives Federal gov’t specific, limited enumerated powers, which will focus on Foreign Trade, and war. States Power will extend into all areas of life and liberty during times of peace #8 Constdoes not deny people rights therefore they need no specific provisions. Const established by the People to protect blessings of Liberty, NO NEED FOR BofR! #2 Elastic Clause and Supremacy Clause will render the State Governments powerless. # 5 Our country will be too large = gov’t will be above the control of the people and result in Tyranny. #7 Const does NOT protect our rights and those who govern always attempt to expand their power. We NEED a Bill of Rights • Federalist Arguments • Anti-federalist Arguments