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Chapter 24 World War II

Chapter 24 World War II

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Chapter 24 World War II

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  1. Chapter 24World War II ?? - 1945

  2. Chapter 24 Section 1 I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II

  3. Reading: Pgs. 802 - 807 Bullet Points p. 795 Bullet Points: Pg.829 Read pgs. 770 - 775

  4. Events • 1918 – World War I Armistice was not a world wide treaty • Germans punished and suffer from WWI • 1921 – World suffers post war recession • Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the German Nazi Party

  5. Different Countries With Similar Problems and Results • Russia • Italy • Germany • Japan

  6. Italy • Economic and Social Problems cause unrest • 1922 – Benito Mussolini threatens to overthrow government How does the Italian government respond?

  7. Italy • Mussolini named “Prime Minister” • Creates World’s First Fascist Government

  8. Fascism • A political system based on militarism, extreme nationalism, and loyalty to the state and its leader. • The boss is always right • Superior nations must conquer and control weaker nations

  9. Mussolini • Italy is superior to other countries • Return to the Roman Empire • Banned • Freedom of the Press • Other Political Parties • Jailed or Murdered Critics

  10. Italy Problems Government Changes

  11. Russia Joseph Stalin and the Communist Party

  12. Russia • Communism created a totalitarian government in Russia • Totalitarian - Single Party System • Government controls farms, land, animals, and buisnesses • 4 million critics were executed or sent to prison camps (GULAGS)

  13. GULAGS

  14. Russia Problems Government Society

  15. Germany • Economic struggles caused by WWI led to the rise of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler • Harsh treatment from WWI left many Germans unhappy with the World

  16. Nazism • Form of Fascism • Anti-Semitic • Germans are the Master Race • Believed WWI was lost because Jews and inferior people like Gypsies • Hitler uses this belief to his advantage

  17. Adolf Hitler • Elected Chancellor in 1933 • Political Parties Outlawed • Secret Police Enforce His Will

  18. Jewish Community in Germany • Blamed for social and economic issues • Scapegoat • Banned from professions • Community was attacked • Sent to slave labor camps

  19. Germany Government Society

  20. Japan • Japan’s economy struggles following WWI • Japan felt that they need space • 1936 – Militarists take control

  21. Japan’s Military Aggression • Believed they were superior • Racist • Aggression – Warlike actions against another nation without cause • 1931 – Japan Seizes Manchuria and China • 1937 – Attacks Nanjing China, 250,000 Civilians and POW’s killed

  22. Japan Government Society

  23. Japan’s Control of Asia

  24. Consequences • Japan suspended from League of Nations for one year

  25. Four New Powers Italy Russia Japan Germany Government Leaders

  26. Military Aggression • 1935 – Italy Invades Ethiopia • Haile Selassie appeals to the League of Nations • Weak response • Ethiopia Falls

  27. German Aggression • Hitler rebuilds German Army • 1936 – Troops sent into Rhineland • 1938 – Hitler takes over Austria • World’s Response? • Nothing

  28. German Aggression • 1938 – Germany tries to take over Czechoslovakia • Britain & France Object • Munich Pact • France agrees to let Germany take part of Czech in return for no further aggression • No one asked the Czechs

  29. Appeasement • A policy of giving into aggression to avoid war • Neville Chamberlain • “Peace in our time” • Did it work? • 1939 – Hitler takes the rest of Czech

  30. America’s Response • Neutrality Act 1935 • No assistance to those in war • Good Neighbor Policy • US removes troops from South America • What did the United States hope to gain from this?

  31. War Begins in Europe • 1939 – Germany invades Poland • Hitler and Stalin agree to non-aggression deal • Secretly agree to divide Poland • Russia invades Finland • September 3rd 1939 • France and England declare war on Germany

  32. Germany Invades Poland

  33. Germany’s March • 1940 • Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Luxemburg, and Belgium Fall • France under attack

  34. Fight for France • English and French put on the defensive • Pushed back to Dunkirk • English Evacuate

  35. June 22, 1940 France Surrenders

  36. Battle for Britain • Hitler launches an air attack • Tens of thousands killed • Attacks ravaged the land, but Britain did not break • Britain Stands Alone