Unit 4 Science and Technology NEW HORIZON ENGLISH COURSES Book One
Unit 4 Science and Technology 1 Around the Topic 2 Section A A 3 Section B 4 Section C • Leading in • Warming-up • Background Information • Related Knowledge • Exploring the Topic • Text A • Reading Through • Sample Reading • Exercises • Useful Terms • Plus Activities • Exercises • Exercises
Introduction Sometimes the best things in life can also be the worst! If you use a computer, then you know all about this. Computers can help us do many things, but what if the worlds they build are not real? Let’s read on and find out how life can change in crazy ways with new technology.
A People exchange letters by computer rather than through the post office. B If you want to go shopping online, most probably (可能) you’ll visit the website founded by Alibaba Group. C If you want to make friends and even date online, you can visit a website like this on the Internet.
D People can share (分享) their ideas and feelings online with readers sooner and better through this “web diary.” E People can use this chat software (聊天软件) on mobile phone to exchange and share information of voice, video (录像) and text with friends. F It is one of the latest products of Apple Inc. that are popular among the mobile phone users in the whole world. 1— C 2— 3— 4— 5— 6— A E F B D
1. What hi-tech products do you use? • computer • washing machine • microwave stove • Cellphone • air-conditioner
2. What are the advantages and troubles that these hi-tech products may bring you? • save time • pollute the environment • be very convenient • people are too depend on them • communicate easily • people are not so close as before • live comfortable • without the hi-tech products, it seems the society won’t go on • have fun
Watch & Discussion What do you think? The film below is a video of computer. It helps us catch a glimpse of the computer in modern life. what do you think importance does the computer Technology play in the film industry?
Brainstorming Discussion: After seeing the ad video, what is your general impression of the computer technology? And what do you think about the characters mentioned in this film? • “Star Trek” • “Shrek” • “Final Fantasy”
1. Google Google is one of the most popular websites (网址) in the world. It is a web search engine that lets you find other sites on the Web based on keyword searches. It also provides specialized searches through blogs (博客), catalogs (目录), videos, news items and more. Google provides Internet services that let you create blogs, send e-mails, and publish web pages. It has social networking tools, organization tools, and chat tools, services for mobile (移动) devices (设施), and even Google branded (品牌) products.
2. chat room The term chat room, or chat room, is primarily used to describe any form of synchronous (同步的) conferencing, occasionally even asynchronous (异步的) conferencing. The term can thus mean any technology ranging from real-time online chat and virtual (虚拟的) interaction with strangers over instant messaging and online forums to fully immersive (身临其境的) graphical (生动的) social environments.
Even in Real Life There Were Screens Between Us Still the Google chat box said, “Paul is typing.” Paul was the guy I met in October at a meeting. Since then we started video chatting for hours every night. 谷歌聊天框依然显示：“保罗在输入中。” 保罗是我在10月份的一次会议上认识的一个小伙子。从那以后，我们每晚都会通过视频聊上好几个小时。 Paras. 1-2 Chinese
有一天晚上，我们聊到深夜，笔记本电脑还开着，我就睡着了。七小时后醒来，发现保罗还在线上，只是也睡着了。有一天晚上，我们聊到深夜，笔记本电脑还开着，我就睡着了。七小时后醒来，发现保罗还在线上，只是也睡着了。 后来他也醒了，说：“嗨，你好！” “嗨，” 我说。“睡得好吗？” Paras. 3-5 Chinese One night, when we talked too late, I fell asleep with my laptop open and woke up seven hours later. He was still there, asleep. Then he woke up too and said, “Hi, you.” “Hi,” I said. “How did you sleep?”
As the weeks went on, I told Paul about my last boyfriend, a guy I had met in computer class and dated for almost two years. He listened quietly and gave good, clear-eyed advice about letting go. He also told me about his ex-girlfriend, who never appreciated his work. 在后来的几周里，我和保罗讲了我的前男友。我们是在电脑课上认识的，交往了近两年。保罗静静地听，明智地劝我放下那段感情。他也对我讲了他前女 友的事，说她从不欣赏自己的工作。 Para. 6 Chinese
在自己安全的房间里，我能看到保罗，但摸不到。我想和他说话时就叫他上线，但我无法了解他，唯一能借助的，就是他床头的灯光。任何时候，我想给他打电话就打，想不理他时，轻轻一按鼠标就可将他拒之屏外。在自己安全的房间里，我能看到保罗，但摸不到。我想和他说话时就叫他上线，但我无法了解他，唯一能借助的，就是他床头的灯光。任何时候，我想给他打电话就打，想不理他时，轻轻一按鼠标就可将他拒之屏外。 Para. 7 Chinese In the safety of my room, I could see Paul, but I couldn’t touch him. I could summon him when I wanted to talk, but I never knew him in any light other than the one from the lamp by his bed. I could call him any time I liked; I could avoid him any time I wanted, because just one click of the mouse would shut him out of my room.
一天晚上，他说：“我很喜欢你。” “我也很喜欢你，”我说。“可我不知道这意味着什么。” Paras. 8-9 Chinese “I really like you,” he said one night. “I really like you too,” I said. “I don’t know what that means.”
I wanted to find out. So in early March I borrowed a car, begged my boss to let me out of work a day early, and drove 540 miles to spend a long weekend in the city where Paul lived. 我想找出答案。于是，3月初，我借了辆车，央求老板准我提前一天放假，驱车540英里到保罗生活的城市，与他共度长长的周末。 Para. 10 Chinese
Paul was almost exactly as I expected. He stood waiting at the side of the street while I parked my car. We kissed on the street. I felt relieved and thought: “This works in real life.” 保罗几乎就是我想象的那样。我停车时，他站在街边等。接着我们在街上亲吻。我一边感到宽慰，一边想：“这种事居然发生在现实生活里了。” Para. 11 Chinese
But after we kissed and ate pizza and went back to his house, we struggled for things to talk about. In real life, Paul stared off at nothing while I talked. In real life, he had no questions about the drive or my job. He took me out for dinner and read his e-mail while we waited for our food. 然而，等我们接过吻，吃过比萨饼，回到他家，我们却很难找到话题。现实生活里，我说话的时候保罗双眼茫然地瞪着。现实生活里，他对我的旅途或工作闭口不问。他带我出去吃饭，等饭时却自顾自地查看他的电子邮件。 Para. 12(a) Chinese
他带我去朋友家里参加派对，他们一连几小时讨论网络设计，而我则被晾在座椅上，醉醺醺地、无聊地望着天花板。我感到所有这一切就像一场游戏：像在不停地跳舞，他一会儿靠近我，一会儿推开我，在这场舞蹈中，我们一直游离于亲近和疏远、现实生活和虚拟网络之间。他带我去朋友家里参加派对，他们一连几小时讨论网络设计，而我则被晾在座椅上，醉醺醺地、无聊地望着天花板。我感到所有这一切就像一场游戏：像在不停地跳舞，他一会儿靠近我，一会儿推开我，在这场舞蹈中，我们一直游离于亲近和疏远、现实生活和虚拟网络之间。 He took me to a party at his friend’s house where they proceeded to argue for hours about Webdesign while I sat on a chair and stared at the ceiling, drunk and bored. I felt all this seemed like a game: a constant dance of reaching for me and pulling back, of closeness and distance, of real life and Internet make-believe. Para. 12(b) Chinese
The day I left him while he was out at work, I wrote him a note, willing myself not to cry: “Dear Paul, thank you so much for having me this weekend. It meant a lot to me to spend time with you in person.” 我离开保罗的那天他上班去了。我给他留了张字条，一边强忍着泪水一边写道：“亲爱的保罗，非常感谢你留我在这里一起度过这个周末，与你在现实生活中共度周末，这对我来说意义非凡。” Para. 13 Chinese
1 Even in Real Life There Were Screens Between Us (Title) Meaning: Even if we met each other in real life， there were things that prevent us from understanding each other. Meaning of the Sentences
2 He listened quietly and gave good, clear-eyed advice about letting go.(Para. 6) Meaning: He listened quietly and told me to forget about it, which I considered to be a good and clear piece of advice. Meaning of the Sentences
3 I could summon him when I wanted to talk, but I never knew him in any light other than the one from the lamp by his bed. (Para. 7) Meaning: When I wanted to, I could ask him to talk with me, but I knew nothing more about him except seeing him from his bedside lamp. Meaning of the Sentences
4 So in early March I borrowed a car, begged my boss to let me out of work a day early, and drove 540 miles to spend a long weekend in the city where Paul lived. (Para. 10) Meaning: So in early March I borrowed a car, asked my boss to give me a day-leave before weekend, and drove 540 miles to the city where Paul lived. Meaning of the Sentences
5 In real life, Paul stared off at nothing while I talked. (Para. 12) Meaning: In real life, Paul felt uninterested in what I was talking about. Meaning of the Sentences
6 In real life, he had no questions about the drive or my job. (Para. 12) Meaning: In real life, he didn’t ask me anything about how I drove here. Neither did he ask about my job. Meaning of the Sentences
7 He took me out for dinner and read his e-mail while we waited for our food. (Para. 12) Meaning: He took me out for dinner, and while we waited for our food, he just read his e-mail without paying any attention to me. Meaning of the Sentences
8 So in early March I borrowed a car, begged my boss to let me out of work a day early, and drove 540 miles to spend a long weekend in the city where Paul lived. (Para. 10) Meaning: So in early March I borrowed a car, asked my boss to give me a day-leave before weekend, and drove 540 miles to the city where Paul lived. Meaning of the Sentences
9 Meaning: I felt this was like a game: an endless game where he tried hard to get to me and then moved away from me, where we got closer to each other and then kept far away from each other, and where one was hard to tell what was real life and what was online life. Meaning of the Sentences I felt all this seemed like a game: a constant dance of reaching for me and pulling back, of closeness and distance, of real life and Internet make-believe. (Para. 12)
10 The day I left him while he was out at work, I wrote him a note, willing myself not to cry: … (Para. 13) Meaning: On the day when I left Paul, he was out working. I wrote a note to him. I wished I would not cry for leaving him... Meaning of the Sentences
11 Meaning: The days we spent side by side with each other were very meaningful to me. Meaning of the Sentences It meant a lot to me to spend time with you in person. (Para. 13)
Main Idea Text A tells us a story from which we can learn that the Internet, while it is useful and helpful in communication like many other high-tech products, may also cause trouble. It illustrates how a “trouble” is caused to a couple who, with the help of the Internet, have fallen in love with each other but been kept distant from each other. To help the students see this point, the teacher is advised to draw the students’ attention to the 3 points by asking them the following questions: • how much they know about the Internet •the advantages and disadvantages of the Internet • the attitude they should take towards the Internet
Part I:Para. 1 Part II: Para.2-12 Part III:Para. 13 topic: The main character Paul is introduced. The narrator decides to leave Paul for she realizes in the end that people and things are different in real life from online. Main idea: The development of the story Structure
New Words type screen chat video asleep guy ex- girlfriend laptop safety appreciation touch
New Words summon lamp avoid beg click mouse relieve expect struggle stare e-mail proceed
New Words ceiling web design constant drunk bore distance
Phrases & Expressions wake up fall asleep other than let go shut somebody out reach for at work pull back will somebody to do something in person
screen n. 1) [C] the front glass surface of an electrical instrument 屏幕；荧光屏 a computer screen 计算机屏幕 a television screen 电视机屏幕 e.g. It’s easy to change the text on screen before printing it. 印刷之前在屏幕上,修改这个文本很容易。 2) [C] something that protects, shelters, or hides 屏障；阻隔物 e.g. We planted a screen of trees to keep out the wind. 我们种下一排树作为挡风的屏障。 e.g. The police attacked the teahouse that was opened as a screen for illegal drug dealing. 警察袭击了那家用来掩护非法毒品交易的茶馆。
Practice A line of trees screened the house from the road. vt. shelter or protect 遮蔽；掩护 e.g. The woman screened her face with a fan. 这位女士用扇子遮着脸。 在路上看不到那房子，一排树把它给挡住了。
chat n. [C; U] a friendly informal conversation 闲谈；谈天 e.g. Many TV chat shows are popular with people. 许多电视访谈节目很受大众欢迎。 e.g We made an appointment to meet at the park for a chat. 我们约好到公园面谈。 vi. talk socially without exchanging too much information 闲谈；谈天 e.g. Women like to chat together. 女人喜欢在一起聊天。 e.g. He chatted with a stranger online for a while. 他在网上和一个陌生人聊了一阵。
type v. write by means of a keyboard 打字 e.g. The manager asked his secretary to type the letters for him. 经理让秘书把这些信打出来。 e.g. Type your password, then press “Return.” 输入密码，然而按“回车”。 n. [C] a subdivision of a particular kind of thing 种类 e.g. What’s your blood type? 你是什么血型？ e.g. I’ve already seen a few movies of this type. 这类电影我看过几部了。
guy n. [C] an informal term for a youth or man 家伙；（男）人 e.g. John is a nice guy who always smiles at others. 约翰是个脾气温和的男人，总是以微笑对人。 e.g. He is a guy I never really like. 我并不真心喜欢那家伙。
video n. 1) [U] (computer science) the appearance of text and graphics on a video display （电脑）视频 video signal 视频信号 e.g. Video chatting is now a common way for family members to keep in touch. 视频聊天已经是现今家庭成员之间保持联系的一种普遍方式。 2) [C; U] the visible part of a television transmission 录像；影像 e.g. Multimedia teaching includes the use of video and film in class. 多媒体教学包括在课堂上运用录像和电影进行教学。 e.g. We watched the football match on video the next morning. 第二天上午我们看了那场足球赛的录像。
Practice laptop n. [C] a portable computer small enough to use on your lap 便携式电脑；笔记本电脑 e.g. A laptop usually costs more than a desktop computer. 笔记本电脑通常比台式电脑贵。 我的手提电脑坏了，要修了。 My laptop needs repairing. It’s down.
appreciate vt. 1) recognize with gratitude 欣赏；赏识 e.g. We really appreciate his effort in his work. 我们很欣赏他对工作的努力。 e.g. By traveling, we can appreciate the beauty of nature. 旅游让我们欣赏到大自然的美。 2) be grateful to 感激 e.g. You have done so much to help me. I really appreciate it. 你帮了我那么多，我很感激。 e.g. I’d appreciate it if you let me get on with my job. 若你能让我继续我的工作，我会感激的。
Practice safety n. [U] the state of being safe from danger or harm 安全；保险 e.g. The main duty of the police is to insure safety of people. 警察的主要职责是保卫民众的安全。 驾驶员开车时不系安全带是很危险的。 It’s dangerous for a driver not to tie his safety belt while driving.