Today we will • learn about Christian Just War theory and how that relates to modern wars.
We will learn to; • List at least 4 of the conditions for a just war. • Explain what is meant by each. • Evaluate whether or not modern wars meet these conditions.
Starter Good reasons to go to war • In groups discuss what you think are good reasons to go to war. • Create a mind map this can be extended throughout the lesson.
Christian Just War Thinkers • St Thomas Aquinas – 1225 - 74 - Worried about unruly knights 2. Francisco Vitoria – 1483 – 1546 - Worried about the conquest of New Spain
What is a Just War? To be a just war the war must meet certain criteria; The just war must have a cause or moral reason like defending a nation under attack or a war against terror.
What is a Just War? 2. During a just war there must be as little violence used as possible. Any force that is more than the enemy has, is seen as immoral.
What is a Just War? 3. Just War can be fought if it is stop a Greater evilor tyrant. Some people would argue Hitler would have killed many more people if the Allies did not declare war.
What is a Just War? 4. A just war should be controlled by politicians and not by military in the war zone.
What is a Just War? 5. In a just war the military should avoid injuring innocent civilians.
What is a Just War? 6. Only military should be fighting during war. Civilians should not get involved.
Copy into your jotter A last resort Leave the war zone a better place Legitimate authority Just War Theory United Nations Rebuild infrastructure A country’s leader - NOT private citizens Better government A just cause Promote good and avoid a greater evil Proportional See notes on lesson 2 Think nuclear Stop a genocide Avoid civilians
Just war views Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired, signifies in the final sense a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. Dwight D. Eisenhower. “There are many causes I would die for. There is not a single cause I would kill for”. “We make war so that we may live in peace.” America must not ignore the threat gathering against us. Facing clear evidence of peril, we cannot wait for the final proof, the smoking gun that could come in the form of a mushroom cloud. George W. Bush “Do not think that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I have not come to bring peace, but a sword.” We, therefore, here in Britain stand shoulder to shoulder with our American friends in this hour of tragedy, and we, like them, will not rest until this evil is driven from our world. Tony Blaire Never think that war, no matter how necessary, nor how justified, is not a crime. Ernest Hemingway If we don't end war, war will end us. H. G. Wells Pacifist views
Is it ever alright to go to war? In 2003 London saw some of the biggest protests in its history. These protests were to stop the war with Iraq. What did it achieve?
Task Read and complete the question sheet then try the extension sheet.
Afghanistan war CASE STUDY
The War on Terror is the campaign launched by the United States of America, when George Bush was the President, with the support of the United Kingdom and other countries. The campaign was launched in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks and the aim was to get rid of terrorism.
In the lead up to the September 11th bombings, Osama Bin Laden’s group al-Qaeda and the soldiers ruling over Afghnaistan, the Taliban, commited many terrorist crimes.
The aim of the Afghan war was to.... • Defeat terrorists such as Osama Bin Laden and destroy their organisations • Identify, locate and destroy terrorists along with their organisations • Deny sponsorship, support and sanctuary to terrorists • Defend US citizens and interests at home and abroad.
On September 20, 2001, after the September 11 attacks, George W. Bush delivered an ultimatum to the Taliban government of Afghanistan to turn over Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda leaders operating in the country or face attack. They refused.
So, in October 2001, US forces (with UK and other allies) invaded Afghanistan to get rid of the Taliban regime. On October 7, 2001 the official invasion began with British and US forces conducting air strike campaigns.
The Taliban were successfully thrown by the troops and President Karzai is now in charge. • Hundreds of British and American soldiers and Afghan civillians have been killed.
Home work Research the recent war with Iraq. The protests against the war were some of the biggest in British history. Why were people protesting? Begin to form your own opinions about whether or not it met the Just War criteria. Write 200 words or as many as you like.