160 likes | 322 Vues
7 th President of the United States. Andrew Jackson. "The moment we engage in confederations, or alliances with any nation we may from that time date the downfall of our republic.". Andrew Jackson Intro. Bio. Jackson was often called “Old Hickory”
E N D
7th President of the United States Andrew Jackson "The moment we engage in confederations, or alliances with any nation we may from that time date the downfall of our republic."
Andrew Jackson Intro. Bio. • Jackson was often called “Old Hickory” • Born: March 15, 1767, on North Carolina-South Carolina border • Died: June 8, 1845 • Had No Formal Education • Democrat • Presbyterian • Lawyer, Solider • Member of U.S. House of representatives between 1796-97 • United States Senator between 1797-98 • Justice on Tennessee Supreme Court between 1798-1804 • Governor of the Florida Territory in 1821 • United states senator between 1823-23 • President between March 4, 1839 to March 3, 1837
Jackson’s Road to Presdidency • Started as a young lawyer in Tennessee • He and his brother Robert, joined the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War • Became Florida’s Military governor • First to be elected from Tennessee to the House of Representatives, and he served briefly in the Senate. • He ran for the Presidency in 1824
Tennessee Politics • Jackson was interested in politics early in his life • He became a member of the convention that drafted a constitution for the new state of Tennessee. • He was elected as first representative from Tennessee to the U.S. House of Representatives
Tennessee Politics • In 1802 Jackson was elected major general of the Tennessee militia "There are no necessary evils in government. Its evils exist only in its abuses."
Military feats • Jackson was considered as a hero to the west • After the end of the war, Jackson was named commander of the Southern district • John Quincy Adams saved Jackson from censure and hastened the U.S acquisition of Florida • Jackson, due to his ruggedness, was called “Old Hickory” • Continued serving in the army becoming a nationally recognized hero following his defeat of the British in the Battle of New Orleans in 1815. • Fought the Creek Wars as well as the Seminole war in Florida
Political Backround • Jackson’s military triumphs made him a candidate for president • A small group of supporters persuaded to elect him to the U.S. Senate • He was very popular In his home state of Tennessee • Democrat • Ran for Presidency in 1824, 1828, and 1832
Election of 1824 • Four candidates received electoral votes • Jackson received the highest number • Following him was John Quincy Adams, William H. Crawford, and Henry Clay • Because that was no majority , the House of Representatives was required to elect a president. • Lost election to John Quincy Adams
Election of 1828 • Campaigning was noteworthy for the intense personal attacks widely employed by the supporters of both candidates • Against John Quincy Adams • National Republicans vs. Democratic Republicans • Jackson’s appeal to the common people served him well and he handily won the popular vote and the electoral vote.
Jacksonian Democracy • Political philosophy of Jackson • Followed the era of Jeffersonian Democracy • Promoted the strength of the presidency and executive branch at the expense of Congress • Jacksonian favored geographical expansion • Justifying it in terms of Manifest Destiny
Election Issues Election of 1824 Election of 1832 First election that used National Party Conventions Jackson ran again as the incumbent with Martin Van Buren as his running mate. His opponent was Henry Clay with John Sergeant as Vice Presidency. The main campaign issue was the Bank of the United States • He won the popular vote but the lack of an electoral majority resulted in the election being decided in the House. • It is believed that a deal was made giving the office to John Adams in exchange for Henry Clay becoming Secretary of State. This was called the corrupt Bargain.
Jackson’s Influence • Jackson had left office more popular that when he entered it • Widespread approval of his actions exercised a profound effect on the character of U.S. politics • His success appeared to be a vindication of the new democracy. • The Intensity of the political struggles from 1825 to 1837 led to the revival of the two- party system.
Notable Events • Estate of James Smithson funded the establishment of the Smithsonian and about 2,000 of Jackson’s supporters given government Jobs • Jackson authorizes Indian Removal Act of 1830/ • Samuel F. Smith wrote “My Country, ‘tis of Thee” • Jackson was reelected and vetoed the rechartering of 2nd bank leading to the creation of the whig party "The individual who refuses to defend his rights when called by his Government, deserves to be a slave, and must be punished as an enemy of his country and friend to her foe."