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The Fertile Crescent

The Fertile Crescent

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The Fertile Crescent

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  1. The Fertile Crescent SWBAT: Explain and describe the other civilizations of the Fertile Crescent

  2. DO NOW: REVIEW • What are 2 civilizations that formed near river valleys? • What are the Codes of Hammurabi? • What was the Egyptian ruler called? • Were Egyptians polytheistic or monotheistic? Why? • Were the Sumerians polytheistic or monotheistic? Aim: To examine the other civilizations of the Fertile Crescent.

  3. Other Civilizations of the Fertile Crescent • Many ________ __________ ____________ the fertile crescent. • Some ___________ destroyed _______-____________. • Others ____________ to ________. Aim: To examine the other civilizations of the Fertile Crescent.

  4. Other Civilizations of the Fertile Crescent Questions • What did some of these rulers create? • What is an empire? Aim: To examine the other civilizations of the Fertile Crescent.

  5. Aim: To examine the other civilizations of the Fertile Crescent. Strong Rulers and Empires • Where did the Assyrians live? • What did they achieve by they 600’s B.C.? NOTES: • Assyrian’s enemies united and destroyed the Assyrian capital. • Assyrian empire collapsed • New empire emerges: Pelsian Empire under Darius.

  6. Assyrians • Chief god Assur • Chariots used • First Cavalry

  7. Vocabulary • Fertile crescent • Outside group • Inside group • Invade • City-state • Empire • Conquer • Collapse • Unite • Hammurabi • Harsh • Technology Aim: To examine the other civilizations of the Fertile Crescent.

  8. SUMMARY • What did you learn about the Fertile Crescent? Regents Question: One reason for the development of an early civilization in the Tigris-Euphrates river valleys was that  1. the location protected the people from land invasion   2. periodic flooding left rich soil, which was ideal for farming   3. these rivers provided a direct trade route between Europe and Asia 4. these rivers flowed into the Mediterranean Sea

  9. THE INDUS RIVER VALLEY SWBAT: DESCRIBE AND EXPLAIN THE INDUS RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATION

  10. Aim: To examine the Indian Civilization in a fertile river valley. Do Now: When you think of India, list 4 things that come to your mind. Think: Would you like to live in India? Why?

  11. Harappan Civilization - Indus River PP Design of T. Loessin; Akins H.S.

  12. INDUS RIVER VALLEY • Like the civilizations that developed in ____________ and the _______ _________, __________ civilization ___________ in a ___________ __________ ___________. Aim: To examine the Indian Civilization in a fertile river valley.

  13. Geographic Setting • What is the Indian subcontinent? • Where does it extend to? • What is this peninsula surrounded by? • What do these huge mountains often do? Aim: To examine the Indian Civilization in a fertile river valley.

  14. CLIMATE NOTES: • Winds bring rain every summer called monsoons. • India depended on monsoons to grow crops. • When there was not enough rain, people could not grow crops. • Too much rain caused rivers to flood Deadly! Aim: To examine the Indian Civilization in a fertile river valley.

  15. 1. What challenges did the people along the Indus River face? • unpredictable rivers • (similar situation to Mesopotamia region) • strong winds / monsoons Aim: To examine the Indian Civilization in a fertile river valley.

  16. Name three theories about why the Indus Valley civilization ended around 1500 BCE? • The river may have changed course, natural disaster • (caused by heavy monsoons) • The people may have overworked the land • (overcutting trees, overgrazed, over farmed land depleting nutrients) • Invaders • (What is the disputed (A.I.T.) Aryan Invasion Theory?) Harappans abandoning their city. Aim: To examine the Indian Civilization in a fertile river valley.

  17. Aryans conquered the Indus Valley in 1500 B.C. Aim: To examine the Indian Civilization in a fertile river valley.

  18. Vocabulary • Fertile crescent • Evolve • Continent • Subcontinent • Peninsula • Wedge-shaped • Limit contacts • Cultures • Monsoon • Flood • Archeologist • Merchant

  19. CHINA’S RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATION SWBAT: Examine and describe China’s river valley civilization.

  20. Aim: To examine China’s Civilization in a fertile river valley. Do Now: When you think of China, list 4 things that come to your mind. Think: Would you like to live in China? Why?

  21. Geographic Setting • Chinese ___________ grew up in the _________ _________ of the _________ _____, or __________ __________ and the Yangzi. • Geography- ________________,___________,___________ and the _________- _______________ Chinese _________ _________ than it did _______ _______ civilizations. Aim: To examine China’s Civilization in a fertile river valley.

  22. QUESTIONS • Having little contact with other cultures, what did early Chinese believe? • What did they call it? • Where did most people live? • What did China do despite its isolation? • Where did China reach? Aim: To examine China’s Civilization in a fertile river valley.

  23. Vocabulary • Geography • Huang He • Yangzi • Isolate • Middle Kingdom • Dynasty • Social Structure • Noble • Warrior • Merchant • Peasant • Ancestors

  24. Summary • What did you learn about China’s Civilization? Regents Question: Which characteristic did the early civilizations that developed along the Nile, the Tigris-Euphrates and the Huang He (Yellow River) have in common?  1. each society’s religious beliefs were based on monotheism  2. urban communities were built using iron and steel tools  3. the form of government in each community was based on male suffrage  4. transportation and communication were promoted by a mild climate, fertile soil, and natural waterways