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The Fertile Crescent

The Fertile Crescent

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The Fertile Crescent

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  1. The Fertile Crescent Where Human Civilization Began

  2. What is the fertile crescent? • Lets do a K-W-L on the board together before we get to the “definition” of Fertile Crescent. • DRAW YOUR OWN K-W-L TO STUDY BY. COPY WHAT WE DO AS A CLASS SO YOU HAVE IT.

  3. Definition of fertile Crescent • Fertile Crescent- A large arc of rich, or fertile farmland. • Also Fertile Crescent is – Rich farmland in Southwest Asia where the first civilizations began

  4. So where is it? • Let’s use some modern day terms/locations to describe where the “original” fertile crescent is located. • Let’s put it into the K-W-L

  5. Some words you may have come up with for Location • To describe where the “original” fertile crescent is located you may have come up with some of these terms: • South west Asia • Iraq • Earth • Near water

  6. So let’s take a look on the map

  7. So again lets recap some words you may have come up with for Location • To describe where the “original” fertile crescent is located you may have come up with some of these terms: • Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Jordan • Southwest Asia • Near Mediterranean Sea • Near Persian Gulf • Between two rivers • Tigris • Euphrates

  8. Why is the fertile crescent such a big deal? • What makes the fertile crescent so fertile? • Why do you think we make such a big deal out of the Fertile Crescent?

  9. First question answer • What makes the fertile crescent so fertile? • It is fertile because of something called SILT. Silt is a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks. Flood waters from the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers brought this silt in and made the land ideal for growing crops.

  10. The fertile crescent shows some evidence of early developments such as: • Farming- crops/agriculture that humans grow in order to produce food for life. • Basin- a generally flat region surrounded by higher land • Irrigation- a way of supplying water to an area of land. • To irrigate there land they dug out large storage basins to catch rainwater that fell to the north. • Canals- human made waterways. • These canals connected to the basins, talked about above, and drained into ditches that then spread out the water collected.

  11. Lets take a look at an example or how irrigation works