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Andrew Jackson. Spoils System and Kitchen Cabinet Bank Wars Indian Removal. Spoils System and Kitchen Cabinet. Spoils system- Rewarding jobs to supporters. Jackson gave government positions to people that supported him in his campaign for president.
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Andrew Jackson Spoils System and Kitchen Cabinet Bank Wars Indian Removal
Spoils System and Kitchen Cabinet • Spoils system- Rewarding jobs to supporters. • Jackson gave government positions to people that supported him in his campaign for president. • These people were not qualified and did not have any experience in these rolls. • Kitchen cabinet- A group of unofficial advisors that met with Jackson in the White House kitchen. • He relied on this group of newspaper editors and political leaders for advice, instead of his official cabinet.
Bank Wars • Mr. Biddle’s Bank • It controlled loans made by state banks and limited the amount of loans. • Farmers and merchants did not support the National Bank. • Jackson felt is was undemocratic and only served the wealthy. • The bank had a corrupt influence on Congress.
Bank Wars • The War Begins • Jackson and the common people v. Biddle and the Whig party congressmen. (Clay and Webster) • The bank charter was up for renewal. • Webster and Clay urge Congress to renew the charter early; it would make the bank be an issue in the next election. • They expected Jackson to veto the charter and lose the election.
Bank Wars • Jackson’s veto and the bank closes. • President Jackson uses his veto power to not renew the bank charter. • States could charter banks, not the federal government. • The bank only helped the wealthy, not the common people. • Jackson halts all federal deposits and the bank closes in 1836.
Indian Removal • Who: • Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, and Seminole. • What: • The Native Americans were forced off their land. • Where: • Southeast USA • When: • 1830s • Why: • To open up land for settlement. (Expansion of the USA)