March on Washington • 200,000 African Americans led by Martin Luther King, Jr. • Inspired by MLK, Jr “I Have A Dream” speech. • Purpose- to create better jobs and opportunities for minorities.
BirmingHam Protests • 1000 civil rights protesters arrested. • Police Commissioner Bull Connor orders use of German Shepards, teargas, and fire hoses to subdue the crowd. • Was filmed on national T.V. and turned many in favor of civil rights.
Medgar Evers • Civil rights leader who was murdered in his diveway. Jackson, MS.
Birmingham Church Bombing • 4 African American girls were killed in the church bombing. • Caused a public outpouring for civil rights.
Dallas, Texas • President John F. Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald. • Oswald was shot and killed by Jack Ruby. • JFK was pushing civil rights bills before he was assassinated. • Lyndon B. Johnson will be President after JFK was assassinated.
Civil Rights act of 1964 • Passed by President Lyndon Johnson. • Banned Jim Crow voter practices • Prohibited discrimination in public places • Equal employment opportunity
Voting Rights act of 1965 • Elimination of literacy tests. • Being bias is no longer an issue. • Public officials could no longer block African Americans from registering from voting.
Watts Riots • Los Angeles, CA. • An arrest of a black motorist caused massive riots. • Lasted 5 days and 34 were dead. • 3000 were arrested and there was $20 million in damages.
Malcolm X Little • Joined Nation of Islam • Assassinated by them after he abandoned their black vs. white philosophy.
Black Power • Call for black unity to build a sense of humanity. • Arm themselves against racists.
Black Panthers • Bobby Seale and Huey Newton • New Militant group that wanted African Americans to lead their own communities. • Wanted to rebuild the nation’s ghettos and combat police brutality.
Memphis, Tn • Marin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated by James Earl Ray. • Ray was sentenced to life in prison.
Robert Kennedy • Crusader for civil rights. • He was assassinated and was the Democratic Nominee for President.
Gains of the Movement • 1. Desegregation of public schools/neighborhoods/other public places. • 2. Equality in voting. • 3. Equality in workplace=better pay and opportunities for advancement. • 4. Elimination of Jim Crow Laws. 24th Amendment outlawed poll taxes.