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Civil Rights Movement PowerPoint Presentation
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Civil Rights Movement

Civil Rights Movement

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Civil Rights Movement

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  1. Part I: Problems for African-Americans Civil Rights Movement

  2. 1. Jim Crow Laws • After Reconstruction, many Southern governments passed “Jim Crow” laws that forced the separation of the races in public places.

  3. 2. Intimidation and Crimes against African-Americans

  4. Lynching

  5. Part II: Responses and Fighting Back

  6. 1. Great Migration • In the early 20th Century many African-Americans moved North to escape discrimination and poverty in the South

  7. 2. The Courts Plessy v. Ferguson—The Supreme Court said that “separate but equal” did not violate the 14th amendment. It said that the Jim Crow laws were OK. Brown v. Board of Education—Supreme Court said that segregated schools were not equal and schools must desegregate (stop being separate). The case included many separate cases, including one from Virginia.

  8. Virginia Reponses to Brown Massive Resistance—Some counties in Virginia closed public schools and opened private, White schools

  9. White Flight • Many Whites moved to the suburbs away from cities to avoid integrated schools.

  10. Key People

  11. Ida B. Wells (1862-1931) • Led an anti-lynching campaign and demanded that the federal government take action

  12. Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) Accepted segregation. Argued that African Americans would become equal through vocational education and economic success

  13. W.E.B DuBois (1868-1963) Said education was meaningless without equality. Founded the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) to fight for political equality.

  14. Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993) Leads the NAACP legal team on the Brown v. Board of Education case Later becomes the first African-American Supreme Court justice

  15. Oliver Hill (1907-2007) • Virginia lawyer on the NAACP legal team

  16. Key Events

  17. 1963: March on Washington

  18. Participants were inspired by Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “I have a dream speech.” • The march made the public more supportive of civil rights • The march showed that non-violent mass protests were a powerful way to make changes happen.

  19. Civil Rights Act of 1964

  20. Voting Rights Act of 1965