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World War Two

World War Two

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World War Two

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  1. World War Two Propaganda

  2. Agenda Thursday March 13th, 2014 • Warm Up- CNN/Students News • Propaganda – Guided Notes • Poster Analysis Activity • Text Document Analysis Worksheet check • HW: Red Scarf Girl Chapters 12-14

  3. CNN/Student News • What kind of information is stored on a plane's voice and flight data recorder? How is the box located after an accident? What makes this piece of equipment so unique? • Who is Keren Taylor? How is she helping teens who are facing tough challenges?

  4. Propaganda • (n ): information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause • In WWII, propaganda was used more than any other time this world has seen. • new technological inventions : • photography • radio • film • messages bombarded every day life Purpose: attempt to persuade a person to believe in a specific cause

  5. Most come themes during World War II The most common objectives/ themes • consequences of careless talk • conservation • civil defense • war bonds • victory gardens • “women power” • anti-German and Japanese

  6. Posters also tapped into people’s patriotic spirit • Bright and happy, colorful and positive. • Objective : American Propaganda • Get Americans to join the war effort. • The posters built morale. • They showed Americans and her Allies in positive and upbeat situations. • Designed to keep Americans hopeful, instilling a feeling of pride in the country(Nationalism) • Build and sustain support for the war effort.

  7. Why the Propaganda Campaign? • American people behind the war effort. • Victory over the Axis was not a given • Whole-hearted support of all men, women, and children The Effect: Posters pulled at emotions-both positive and negative. •They used words as ammunition. Ex. “When you ride alone, you ride with Hitler.” “Loose lips might sink ships.” •Messages made the war personal- I can make a difference

  8. Recruitment • countries used propaganda to persuade young men to join the military. • The various forms of propaganda glorified the war effort • used short catchy phrases that were easy to understand and hard to forget. Why?

  9. Recruiting Posters United States – Uncle Sam: I Want You! Russia – Look familiar?

  10. Recruiting Posters Germany - This is an SS recruiting poster Britain – Join your country’s army…God save the King.

  11. United for War It is important for any government in war that all the people be united in the war effort. How might this create lasting effects after the war?

  12. Home Front Propaganda • As men left to fight, women took over the jobs in the factories. • Turn and Talk • What does the arm symbolizes? • What about her facial appearance/expression?

  13. U.S. Home Front Propaganda Everyone was affected and as many resources possible went to the war effort

  14. Nazi Propaganda • The Germans gathered as much old material for the war effort as possible. • This poster is for a 1943: The text translates as: "Get rid of old cloth and shoes!” • Turn and Talk • Any similarities between German and American propaganda? • What does her appearance suggest about what Germans value?

  15. Nazi Propaganda • Hitler is Building • The caption: "Hitler is building. Help him. Buy German goods." • Turn and Talk • How does this person reflect German values?

  16. Analyzing Poster • Posters will be displayed around the room -Home Front -Recruitment -United -Germany -Japanese • Students will be placed in groups (4-5 members each) • Each group will be assigned a poster to analyze • (8) Analysis questions will be posted on the screen • Each member will roll the dice and answer the question associated with the number rolled • Each group will then discuss as a whole the poster based on their questions • Each group will uncover single question about that poster after their analysis and will answer in their Interactive Notebook the single question for that poster!

  17. Analyzing a Poster 2. For whom is this poster intended? 3. What is the poster trying to get the audience to do? 4. What is the theme of the poster? 5. What symbols, key words or well known images are used? 6. Is the use of the symbol/image/word successful? 7. What is the emotion conveyed by the poster? 8. What type of propaganda does the poster use?

  18. Propaganda Poster • Students will create their own poster using the poster standards • Design and display artwork which sends a messages of isolation or intervention Standards: • How does the picture deliver the message ? • What actions or ideas do the words ask the observer to take or share? • How do the words and pictures together send a stronger message? • What role does color play in creating the message? • How does the placement of the words and pictures add to the impact of the message? • What feelings does the poster engender in the observers?