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World War Two

World War Two

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World War Two

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  1. World War Two Causes *** remember with the acronym: FART

  2. How did the Treaty of Versailles become a cause of World War Two? “C’mon guys…. you already know this.!” The “T”: Treaty of Versailles

  3. Review: The “T”: Treaty of Versailles

  4. How did this help cause WW2? • The “Treaty of Versailles”: caused severe economic issues for Germany (made vulnerable to the rise of dictators) • Was a rallying point for the people of Germany • One of Hitler’s main campaign promises was to rip up the Treaty, this was very popular The “T”: Treaty of Versailles

  5. The “T”: Treaty of Versailles

  6. Conditions in Europe which led to the Rise of Dictators: 1. Both winners and losers of WW1 felt cheated 2. There were problems with the new borders of Europe 3. Problems with governments of Europe (monarchies and democracies) 4. The Great Depression 5. Problems blames on foreigners, communists and Jews The “R”: Rise in Dictators

  7. The “R”: Rise in Dictators

  8. Benito Mussolini: Italy The “R”: Rise of Dictators

  9. Benito Mussolini • Formed the Fascist Party to fight communism and socialism • “Black Shirts” followers broke up trade union meetings and communist rallies with campaign of terror The “R”: Rise of Dictators

  10. Benito Mussolini • 1922- there was a treat of a General Strike. Fascists said they would stop it and they marched on Rome • the King asked Mussolini to form new government • Mussolini made Italy self-sufficient • He “made the trains run on time” • Mussolini became a dictator, the “Black Shirts” silenced criticism, there was no opposition, only Fascists could run for elections The “R”: Rise of Dictators

  11. Adolf Hitler: Germany The “R”: Rise of Dictators

  12. Adolf Hitler: Germany • Was a corporal in WW1 • Joined the Nazi party in its infancy • Gave party: military organization, its own salute and uniforms and a symbol (the swastika) • By 1933, Nazis were the largest party in German parliament • Hitler was appointed “Chancellor”, then Parliament voted Hitler complete control of the government and he became “der Fuhrer” The “R”: Rise of Dictators

  13. Life in Nazi Germany • “Total revolution of German life” • All political parties were banned • Enabling Act: can pass laws without parliament • “Night of the Long Knives” • Gestapo and SS • Kristallnacht • Nuremburg Laws (process of de-humanization) The “R”: Rise in Dictators

  14. Nuremburg Laws

  15. Nuremburg Laws

  16. Life in Nazi Germany • Sales of Hitler's political autobiography "Mein Kampf," sometimes referred to as the bible of the Nazi Party, made him a millionaire. From 1933 to 1945, free copies were given to every newlywed German couple. After World War II, the publication of "Mein Kampf" in Germany became illegal. The “R”: Rise in Dictators

  17. Life in Nazi Germany: Propaganda Hitler Speech

  18. Other Dictatorships In Spain: Francisco Franco In Soviet Union: Joseph Stalin In Japan: Emperor Hirohito ** people turned to dictatorships because they offered simple solutions, promised national glory and silenced opposition The “R”: Rise in Dictators

  19. Failure #1: Manchuria: Sept 1931 • Japan invades Chinese province of Manchuria • League??? The “F”: Failure of the League of Nations

  20. Failure #2: Abyssinia: May 1936 • Italy invaded through neighbouring Italian Somaliland • Annexed to Italy • Haile Salassie (former emperor) addressed the assembly of the League • “It is international morality that is at stake…. God and history will remember your judgment”. The “F”: Failure of the League of Nations

  21. Failure #3: Hitler leaves the League The “F”: Failure of the League of Nations

  22. The “A”: Appeasement

  23. The “A”: Appeasement

  24. Lil’ Hitler The “A”: Appeasement

  25. Europe 1941 The “A”: Appeasement

  26. “Lightning War” • Speed and surprise • Prevent enemy from defense • Planes (luftwaffe): rapid bombardment • Tanks (panzers): speed • Ground Troops (wehrmacht): mobile Eg) Sitzkreig“Phony War” Sept,1939: Poland Apr, 1940: Denmark Norway May, 1940: Holland Belgium 1940: France (north) Blitzkrieg: “Lightning War”