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Appendicular Skeleton

Appendicular Skeleton

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Appendicular Skeleton

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  1. Appendicular Skeleton

  2. Bones of the Appendicular Skeleton • Total of 126 bones • Girdles • Pectoral/Shoulder Girdle • Pelvic/Hip Girdle • Appendages • Arms • Legs

  3. Pectoral Girdle • Common name • Function • Bone Names • Common • Scientific • Numbers • Articulations

  4. Special FeaturesScapula Glenoid cavity Acromion process

  5. Arm Bones • Upper Arm • Humerus • Lower Arm • Radius • Ulna • How to distinguish radius from ulna

  6. Special Features • Humerus • Head • Olecranon fossa • Ulna • Olecranon process • Trochlear notch

  7. Special Features • Ulna • Olecranon process • Trochlear notch

  8. Wrist - Carpals • Never lower Tillie’s Pants, Mother Might Come Home • Navicular, Lunate, Triquetral, Pisiform • greater Multangular, lesser Multangular, Capitate, Hamate • Sally Left The Party, To Take Cathy Home • Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetral, Pisiform • Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate

  9. Bones of the Hand • Metacarpals • Count from the thumb • #1 - #5 • Fingers vs Thumbs • Phalanges • Proximal • Middle • Distal • Knuckles • Passing Gas

  10. Pelvic Girdle Note: ileum is a part of the small intestine! • Each pelvic bone – Os Coxa • 3 fused bones • Ilium • Contains the iliac crest – hematopoietic • Posterior joint • Ilium articulates with the sacrum forming the sacroiliac joint.

  11. Ah here’s the dance you should know • Ah, baby when the lights are down low • I say, grab your baby then go • Do the Hucklebuck, Do the Hucklebuck • If you don’t know how to do it; Man, you are out of luck • Push ya baby out; Then you hunch her back • Start a little movement in your SACROILIAC • Wiggle like a snake, wobble like a duck • That’s when you do the Hucklebuck • A little bit of twist, A little bit of this • And if you don’t know how to do it; Ask my little sis. • Push your partner out; And then you hunch her back • Start a little movement in your SACROILIAC • Wiggle like a snake; wobble like a duct • That’s when you do the Huckle buck

  12. Ischium • Obturator foramen • Acetabulum • Ischial tuberosity

  13. Pubis • Symphysis pubis joint is the anterior joint of the pelvic girdle. • Between 2 pubic bones.

  14. Male and Female Pelvic Girdles Ischium Pubis

  15. Bones of the Leg • Upper Leg • Femur • Knee • Patella • Lower leg • Tibia • Fibula

  16. Special Features • Femur • Head of femur • Tibia • Tibial tuberosity • Medial malleolus • Fibula • Lateral malleolus

  17. Ankle - Tarsals • Talus • Calcaneus • Navicular • Cuboid • Lateral cuneiform • Intermediate cuneiform • Lateral cuneiform • Foot – Metatarsals • Toes – Phalanges • Proximal phalange • Middle phalange • Distal phalange Compare toe phalanges to finger phalanges.

  18. Notice anything?