What is a Short Story? This definition comes from Edgar Allen Poe’s essay “The Philosophy of Composition”. • A Short story must be complete by itself • It must be able to be read in one sitting.
What is a Short Story? • Because short stories are …well…short, every word must be used carefully for effect. • A short story has a good opening sentence that is developed throughout the work. • It has no more characters than those necessary for the action.
What must a short story include? • The dramatic structure or plot • Exposition • Rising Action • Climax • Falling Action • Resolution
What must a short story include? • The point of view – perspective from which the story is being told • Point of View • First person • Second person 2 )Third person (limited or omniscient)
What must a short story include? • Writer’s intention or Theme An underdog story? Love conquers all? Tragic or hopeful? • The characters – beginning with a strong protagonist • The setting- described in vivid detail using sensory images
Why does a writer write a short story? • To Entertain or share a message • To get the reader to ask questions. • To take a position on an issue by conveying an opinion, or persuade the reader
The writer wants you to feel… Emotions, such as • happiness • sadness • anger • sympathy