Breathe!!! • Air must move for sound to be created. • Use of diaphragm muscle. • Exhale and count to twenty while sustaining an even exhalation. • Repeat while uttering an “s” sound to check for stops.
Relaxation • Take care of your vocal instrument. • Hum at a low pitch. • Pant. Hah. Blah. • Raspberries.
Warming Up • Take care of your vocal instrument! • La La LaLaLoaves • Ira iraira very • Fuh Da DaDa Dah • Me / Mo
Pitch • Relative highness or lowness of a voice. • Range – The span between the highest and lowest notes on the music scale that one can reach without straining. • Count from one to ten in one continuous breath while raising the pitch with each number. Repeat with a descending pitch. Try to get from your highest to lowest pitch with each attempt.
Resonance • The vibrant tone produced when sound waves strike the chambers of the throat, head, nose, and mouth. • Hum again, then raise the pitch and intensity. You should notice the change in your resonance chambers.
Volume • The relative force or intensity with which sound is made.
Projection • Making a voice audible to each member of the audience. • Say “Good Morning” to someone: 5 feet away, across a crowded room, across a busy street, sitt.ing next to you in church.
Rate • The speed at which lines are spoken.
Inflection • Variance of pitch with a word, phrase, or line. • Monotone – absence of pitch variation. (mono = one; tone = pitch)
Quality • The individual sound of a particular voice. • Say “Yes, I See the sunset!” as if your were: An earthquake survivor, a frightened child, a old person comforting a child, a nefarious villain, a Shakespearean actor, an inspiring minister.
Diction • The selection and pronunciation of words and their combination in speech. • Diphthong – vowel sound pairs • Mumbling, breath dumps, ums, you knows.
Diction Notes – Making Meanings Clear! • Vowels are the sounds actors can interpret. • Verbs are the strongest words. Stress all but forms of “be”. • Look for colorful, descriptive words. (onomatopoeia) • Rarely stress negatives, pronouns, and articles. • When repetition occurs, increase stress with each repetition.
Diction Notes – Making Meanings Clear! • “chu” not equal to “t” • “w” not equal to “wh”
Tongue Twisters • To make the bitter batter better, Betty bought better butter, beating the better butter into the batter to make the bitter batter better. • Could creeping cat keep crafty claws clear of kitchen curtains? • Many mortals miss mighty moments more from meager minds than major mistakes • Some people say I lisp when I say, soup, soft soap, or something similar, but I don’t perceive it myself. • Fickle fortune framed a fine finale for a fancy finish. • Which is the witch that wished the wicked wishes?