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Hazard Communication

Hazard Communication

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Hazard Communication

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  1. Hazard Communication

  2. OBJECTIVES • Conduct and Maintain Inventory • Understand Common SDS Terminology • Write or revise a written Program • Prepare a Label • Develop / Revise Effective Training Program

  3. Purpose of OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard To ensure that employers and employees know about work hazards and how to protect themselves so that the incidence of illnesses and injuries due to hazardous chemicals is reduced. Hazard Communication Program Container Labeling Safety Data Sheet SDS Program Label

  4. Haz Com History • Late 1970’s-- “Right to Know” • Early 1980’s--City Ordinances/State Laws • 1983—Hazard Communication “HCS” enacted • 1994– “HCS 1994” Federal Law revised

  5. AKA Hazard Communication Haz Com Right to Know Right to Understand Haz Com 2012 GHS

  6. Who is Covered? OSHA’s Hazard Communication (HazCom) standard applies to general industry, shipyard, marine terminals, long-shoring, and construction employment and covers chemical manufacturers, importers, employers, and employees exposed to chemical hazards.

  7. Chemical Manufactures • A significant portion of the standard pertains only to chemical manufactures, importers, and distributors • Employers who do not produce chemicals only have to focus on establishing a workplace program and communicating information to their workers

  8. What is a hazardous chemical? Any chemical classified as a physical hazard or a health hazard, a simple asphyxiant, combustible dust, pyrophoric gas, or hazard not otherwise classified.

  9. Requirements of the Standard SDS Labeling Written Program Inventory Training

  10. Hazardous Material List • Compile a complete list of the hazardous chemicals known to be present in the workplace • Determine if you have received material safety data sheets for all of them • If any are missing, contact your supplier and request one • You should not allow employees to use any chemicals for which you have not received an SDS

  11. Safety Data Sheet (SDS) • Must be in English • Required to keep for at least 30 yrs • Create inactive file with identified timeframe the chemical was used • Hardcopy and/or electronic • Readily accessible • Back-up system

  12. Changes Safety Data Sheets: The new format requires 16 specific sections, ensuring consistency in presentation of important protection information.

  13. Product and Company Identification Hazard Identification Composition / Information On Ingredients First Aid Measures Fire Fighting Measures Accidental Release Measures Handling and Storage Exposure Control / Personal Protection Physical and Chemical Properties Stability and Reactivity Toxicological Information Ecological Information Disposal Considerations Transport Information Regulatory Information Other Information SDS Format

  14. SDS Sections • Ecological information* • Disposal considerations* • Transportation information* • Regulatory information* • Other information • Date of SDS preparation or last revision * These sections will not be enforced by OSHA because they do not have jurisdiction (e.g. EPA, DOT, CPSC, FDA).

  15. SDS Sections • Identification • Unique identifier • Supplier’s information (name, address, contact information) • Recommended use • Emergency contact

  16. SDS Sections • Hazard identification • Classification of hazards • Determination of whether the chemical will be classified as hazardous with specified criteria, Appendix A and B. • 16 Physical Hazard Classes • 10 Health Hazard Classes

  17. Acute Toxicity Skin Corrosion/Irritation Serious Eye Damage/Eye Irritation Respiratory or Skin Sensitization Germ Cell Mutagenicity Carcinogenicity Reproductive Toxicology Target Organ Systemic Toxicity – Single Exposure Target Organ Systemic Toxicity – Repeated Exposure Aspiration Toxicity Health Hazards

  18. Explosives Flammable Gases Flammable Aerosols Oxidizing Gases Gases Under Pressure Flammable Liquids Flammable Solids Self-Reactive Substances Pyrophoric Liquids Pyrophoric Solids Self-Heating Substances Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases Oxidizing Liquids Oxidizing Solids Organic Peroxides Corrosive to Metals Physical Hazards

  19. SDS Sections • Hazard identification (cont’d) • Labeling • Signal word • Hazard Statement • Pictogram or name of the symbol • Precautionary statement(s) • Hazards not otherwise classified (HNOC) information • Statement describing the % of the mixture if it consist of ingredient with unknown acute toxicity

  20. SDS Sections • First aid measures • First aid instructions by relevant routes of exposures • Description of symptoms or effects, including acute and delayed • Indication of immediate medical care and special treatment needed, if necessary • Firefighting measures • Suitable extinguishing media • Special hazards • Special protective equipment or precautions

  21. SDS Sections • Accidental release measures • Personal precautions and protective equipment to prevent contamination • Emergency procedures and protective clothing • Methods and materials for containment/clean-up • Handling and storage • Precautions for safe handling • Recommendations for safe storage, including any incompatibilities.

  22. How Must Chemicals be Labeled? Each container of hazardous chemicals entering the workplace must be labeled or marked with: • Identity of the chemical • Appropriate hazard warnings • Name and address of the responsible party

  23. Container Labeling in the Workplace • The hazard warning can be any type of message, picture, or symbol that provides information on the hazards of the chemical(s) and the targeted organs affected, if applicable • Labels must be legible, in English (plus other languages, if desired), and prominently displayed

  24. Manufacturers Label • Mfg.’s Name/Address • Product Name • Physical Warnings • Health Hazard Warnings • Including Target Organs Zip Cleaner XYZ Company PO Box 1 Anytown, OH Flammable, Avoid Prolong Breathing

  25. In House Label • Product Name • Physical Hazards • Health Hazard Warnings • Including Target Organs Zip Cleaner Flammable, Avoid prolonged breathing.

  26. GHS Labels • Label requirements • Product identifier • Signal word * • Hazard Pictogram* • Hazard statement * • Precautionary statement • Name, address and phone number of the responsible party * Standardized

  27. Signal Word Signal word used to indicate the relative level of hazard severity Danger – More severe hazard Warning - Less severe hazards.

  28. Hazard Statement Precautionary Statement • Steps employees can take to protect themselves. Standardized sentences that describe the level of the hazards

  29. Pictograms There are nine pictograms used (8 are mandatory) Pictogram must have a Red border with a symbol inside

  30. Exploding Bomb

  31. Flame

  32. Flaming “O” Includes oxidizing gases, liquids and solids

  33. Gas Cylinder Compressed gas Liquefied gas Refrigerated liquefied gas Dissolved gas

  34. Corrosive

  35. Skull

  36. Exclamation Mark

  37. Chronic Health Hazard – Star Man

  38. Environmental Hazard NOT included in Haz Com 2012 (not in OSHA’s jurisdiction; EPA to adopt?)

  39. Appendix C Label Elements for Carcinogenicity

  40. In-house Labeling • Same label as the original label • OR • Product identifier • Words, pictures, symbols, or a combination • Shall provide at least general information regarding the hazards of the chemicals

  41. Requirements of the Standard SDS Labeling Written Program Inventory Training

  42. Written Program • Ensures that all employers receive the information they need to inform and train their employees • Provides necessary hazard information to employees

  43. Written HazCom Program • Policy Statement • Labeling • Person responsible for labeling including 2nd containers • Description of labeling system • Description of alternative to labeling, if applicable • Procedures to review and update labeling system

  44. Written HazCom Program • SDS • Person responsible for obtaining and updating • How to maintain and access • Procedure to follow when a SDS isn’t supplied • Employee Training • Person responsible for training • Format to be used • Elements of the training program • Procedures that will be used to train new hires and when a new hazard is introduced

  45. Written Program Availability • The employer must make the written program available, upon request, to: • Employees and their designated representatives • Where work is carried out at more than one location, the program may be kept at the main location

  46. Requirements of the Standard SDS Labeling Written Program Inventory Training