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Slavery PowerPoint Presentation

Slavery

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Slavery

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  1. Slavery Africa to the New World

  2. Nature of Slavery within African Societies • Natural part of African society • In West Africa, system of slavery resembled European feudalism • Slaves were used to increase production and population of region = more power • Seen more as resource, rather than trade commodity

  3. Treatment of Slaves within African Societies • Generally, slaves were well treated • While low in hierarchy, active contributor to kingdom or community • Some held high positions with significant responsibility • Accepted by and lived with non-slaves in family settings

  4. Islamic Traders • Conquest of North Africa by Muslims expanded slavery in Africa • Harsh interpretations of Islamic law justified enslavement of non-Muslims • Islamic traders exported slaves from 8th through 19th century

  5. European Background • Portuguese started African slave trade in 1441 • First Africans in Hispaniola in 1505 • 1450-1850 ~12 million Africans sent to Americas

  6. Triangular Trade • Slaves carried to Americas • Sugar, tobacco, and other goods carried to Europe • European products (cloth, firearms) sent to coast of Africa for slaves to begin triangle trade again

  7. Triangular Trade

  8. Why Africans? • No written language, many languages • Native Americans dying off • No muskets and gunpowder • Africans participatedin trade by enslavingothers, selling debtorsand criminals, andkidnapping

  9. Justification • Slavery made development of New World profitable • Native American slaves died of diseases, escaped easily • African tribes needed weapons and supplies from Europe

  10. Exportation • Trip called Middle Passage • 5000 miles, 3 weeks to 3 months • 20-25% died • Strip Africans’ self respect and self identity

  11. Effects • Focus on men affected male/female ratios • During slave trade, African population overall increases - why? • African nations collapsed and were formed • Slavery finally considered immoral

  12. The End • 1807—Britain outlawed slave trade • 1808—US outlawed slave trade • 1833 —Britain outlawed slavery • 1863—US outlawed slavery • 1888—Brazil outlawed slavery John Newton William Wilberforce

  13. John Newton Amazing Grace • Amazing grace! (how sweet the sound)That sav’d a wretch like me!I once was lost, but now am found,Was blind, but now I see. • ’Twas grace that taught my heart to fear,And grace my fears reliev’d;How precious did that grace appear,The hour I first believ’d! • The Lord has promis’d good to me,His word my hope secures;He will my shield and portion be,As long as life endures.

  14. Slavery Africa to the New World