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22-2 PowerPoint Presentation

22-2

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22-2

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Presentation Transcript

  1. 22-2

  2. 1. What were some reforms Ci Xi made and did they completely reform the Qing Dynasty? • Civil Service Exam, Legislative assembly, Elections for a national assembly • The attempts at reforms didn’t help the peasants and the national assembly had no real power

  3. 2. Describe what Sun Yat Sen wanted for China • Strong central government, military takeover, transitional phase to prepare for democracy, and finally constitutional democracy

  4. Describe the Revolution of 1911 • Followers of Sun Yat Sen launched an uprising that caused the Qing dynasty to collapse • No political or social order, only control of the army under Yuan Shigai

  5. Why was there civil war after the revolution • Yuan Shigai attempted to set up a new dynasty • He used murder and terror to destroy democracy • The Guomindang (nationalist party of Sun Yat Sen) fought back causing civil war

  6. How did Chinese society change as a result of the transition • Commodities (marketable products) became available in cities • More money, more population, better transportation • Westerners introduced modern communication and made China part of the world market

  7. How was Chinese culture changing • Confucian ideals were declining • Reformers wanted to adopt western culture • Western literature became popular