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Tier 2 : Developing a Continuum of Behavior Support for Students At-Risk

Tier 2 : Developing a Continuum of Behavior Support for Students At-Risk

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Tier 2 : Developing a Continuum of Behavior Support for Students At-Risk

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  1. Tier 2: Developing a Continuum of Behavior Support for Students At-Risk Chris Borgmeier, PhD Portland State University cborgmei@pdx.edu www.tier2pbis.pbworks.com

  2. Welcome • Introduction • Who is here? • Current state of Tier 2 systems • Questions/needs? • Accessing materials

  3. Agenda • 8:30 – 9:45 Welcome & Overview of Tier 2 Systems • 9:45-10:00 Break • 10:00-11:30 CICO Basics & Systems Implementation • 11:30 – 12:30 Lunch • 12:30- 1:45 Tier 2 Data Teaming & Decision Making • 1:45-2:00 Break • 2:00-3:30 Advanced Tier 2 and CICO

  4. CICO within School-wide PBIS • All specialized interventions are more effective, and more durable, if they are done with school-wide behavioral expectations as a foundation. 5% ~15% Primary Prevention: School-/Classroom- Wide Systems for All Students, Staff, & Settings SCHOOL-WIDE POSITIVE behavior SUPPORT ~80% of Students

  5. Intensive Individual Interventions: Specialized Individualized Systems for Students with High-Risk Behaviour CONTINUUM OF SCHOOL-WIDE INSTRUCTIONAL & POSITIVE BEHAVIOR SUPPORT ~5% ~15% Targeted Group Interventions: Specialized Group Systems for Students with At-Risk Behaviour Universal Interventions: School-/Classroom- Wide Systems for All Students, Staff, & Settings ~80% of Students

  6. Questions about Tier 2 InterventionsSystems Considerations • What constitutes a Tier 2 Intervention? • An intervention that: • Serves multiple students at one time (15-25 student at once) • More efficient use of resources that 1 student at a time • Students can get started with almost immediately upon referral • Requires almost no legwork from referring staff to begin implementation of the intervention with a student • All school staff know about, understand their roll with, and know the referral process for • SYSTEMS NOTE: Resources Required: • If program is not self-sufficient… and requires significant organization by referring staff… it’s not a targeted intervention

  7. Major Features of Tier 2 Interventions • Intervention is continuously available • Rapid access to intervention (72 hr) • Very low effort by teachers • Consistent with school-wide expectations • Implemented by all staff/faculty in a school • Flexible intervention based on assessment • Functional Assessment • Adequate resources (admin, team) • weekly meeting, plus 10 hours a week • Student chooses to participate • Continuous monitoring for decision-making

  8. Supporting Social Competence & Academic Achievement Elements of SWPBIS OUTCOMES Supporting Decision Making Supporting Staff Behavior DATA SYSTEMS PRACTICES Supporting Student Behavior

  9. Check-In/Check-OutResearch Support • CICO is an Evidence-Based Practice • At least 5 peer reviewed studies • At least 3 different researchers/settings • At least 20 different participants • Pre schools • Sandy Chafouleas, et al 2007 • Elementary Schools • Anne Todd et al in press • Sarah Fairbanks et al, 2007 • Amy Kauffman-Campbell, dissertation • Doug Cheney et al, 2006; 2007 • Leanne Hawken et al. 2007 • Filter et al., 2007 • Middle Schools • Leanne Hawken et al 2003 • Rob March et al 2002 • High Schools • Jessica Swain-Bradway, in progress

  10. OREGON2012-13CICO-SWISTier 2

  11. CICO-SWIS in Oregon2012-13

  12. Over 81% of CICO students succeeding!

  13. Additional Resources (book & video)thru Guilford Press & Publications

  14. High School Behavior Education Program • Download HS-BEP Handbook from www.pbis.org • Variation of CICO/BEP adapted for High School – focused on Academic Seminar

  15. Morning Check-in Parent Feedback Regular Teacher Feedback Bi-weekly Progress Monitoring Meeting Afternoon Check-out Revise Program Student Referred for CICO BASIC CYCLE Check In Check Out (CICO) CICO Plan/ Initial Meeting Teach/Role Play Skills CICO Coordinator Summarizes Data For Decision Making Exit Program

  16. Why does CICO Work? • Improved structure • Prompts are provided throughout the day for correct behavior. • System for linking student with at least one positive adult. • Student chooses to participate. • Student is “set up for success” • First contact each morning is positive. • “Blow-out” days are pre-empted. • First contact each class period (or activity period) is positive. • Increase in contingent feedback • Feedback occurs more often. • Feedback is tied to student behavior. • Inappropriate behavior is less likely to be ignored or rewarded.

  17. Why does CICO Work? • Program can be applied in all school locations • Classroom, playground, cafeteria (anywhere there is a supervisor) • Elevated reward for appropriate behavior • Adult and peer attention delivered each target period • Adult attention (and tangible) delivered at end of day • Linking behavior support and academic support • For academic-based, escape-maintained problem behavior incorporate academic support • Linking school and home support • Provide format for positive student/parent contact • Program is organized to morph into a self-management system • Increased options for making choices • Increased ability to self-monitor performance/progress

  18. Logistics for Setting up a CICO program • 1. Faculty and staff commitment • Is problem behavior a major concern? • Are staff willing to commit 5 min per day? • Is CICO a reasonable option for us? • More than 5 students need extra support • CICO is designed to work with 10-12% of kids in a school • CICO typically “works” (50% reduction) with 67% of students. • CICO does NOT replace need for individualized supports. • Activity 1: • Assessment of need (ODR rates, staff assessment) • Readiness: • Is SWPBIS Tier 1 in place? (TIC = 80%; SET = 80/80) • Is there faculty commitment to work with tougher kids? • Arein-schoolresources available to implement? • Are districtresources available to support start-up? • Team to manage CICO • Administrator; CICO Coordinator; Check In/Out staff member(s), behavior Specialist (e.g. SPED/SPSY), Teacher

  19. CICO Coordinator Leading Systems Implementation

  20. Organization and Structure • Coordinator • Chair CICO meetings, faculty contact, improvement • Specialist • Check-in, check-out, meeting, data entry, graphs • Together (Coordinator + Specialist) = 10 hours/wk • Meeting 45 min per week • Coordinator, Specialist, Sped faculty, Related Services • All staff commitment and training • Simple data collection and reporting system. WHAT FITS YOUR SCHOOL? Combining these roles/ responsibilities across multiple staff or not?

  21. CICO Coordinator: Selection Criteria and Considerations • Who would be a good coordinator? • What duties/responsibilities will he/she have? • Do we need to adjust schedules/time/ workload for this person? • How will we train the coordinator? • How will we evaluate the coordinators effectiveness? • Who will be our back-up coordinator? • What steps do we need to take to accomplish this?

  22. CICO Coordinator Responsibilities • Establish rapport with students • Provide training to all students before they begin CICO • Coordinate check-in and check-out • Possibly do Check-in & check-outs • Enter data daily (or monitor daily data entry) • Organize and summarize student data for meetings • Contact person for caregivers • Process requests for assistance • Lead meetings • Problem-solve

  23. Non-Examples CICO Coordinator • Principal • Classroom teacher • Any individual responsible for discipline Examples Social worker Counselor Special Education teacher Paraprofessional

  24. Coordinator: Training • The coordinator should receive training in the systems, practices, and the use of data in the CICO program. • Connect w/ your District & Regional Coaches • Be sure to train a “back-up” coordinator

  25. CICO Coordinator: Planning for Sustainability • Plan for turn-over in the coordinator position • Increasing sustainability • Document all procedures • Active management from the leadership team • Write coordinator duties into a job description • Devote FTE to the coordinator position

  26. Getting Creative: CICO Specialists These individuals only do check-in/check-outs w/ students (data and organization is the CICO Coordinator’s responsibility) • School custodian • School office staff members • “Specials” teachers

  27. Checking In & Checking Out: A good candidate is. . . • In the building everyday • Available at the beginning and end of each day • Someone students like and enjoy being around • Enthusiastic • Organized • Positive

  28. Roles & Responsibilities • 2. Team available / Coordinator available • CICO Coordinator • CICO Specialists (checking in & out w/ students daily) • Team (meets at least once every two weeks) • Activity 2: • Plan CICO Roles & Responsibilities • CICO Coordinator • CICO Specialist(s) • Who is doing daily Check-ins & Check-outs? • behavior: Individual Student Systems Data Team meetings • Training Day 2

  29. Check In & Check Out: Planning Logistics http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UqMdy5-OSlQ

  30. CICO Plan Weekly CICO Meeting 9 Week Graph Sent Morning Check-In Program Update Home Check-In EXIT Afternoon Check-out BEP/Check-in Check-out Cycle Student Recommended for CICO • Morning Check-In • Check student “status” • Review home card • Provide Daily Progress Rpt • Greet and praise Class Check out • Teacher Checks • Student give card to teacher • Teacher praise/ prime • Provide Daily Progress Rpt • Greet and praise • End of class feedback TeacherChecks Class Check in

  31. Logistics: Check-In • 5. Morning Check-in Routine • Teaching students when, when, how • Teaching check-in coordinator • Assess • Reward  provided for checking-in; breakfast treat, etc. • Set-up or Redirect • 6. Teacher Check-in/Check-out Routine • Teaching staff/faculty • Reward • Set-up for success, positive momentum • Evaluation Activity 5: Identify Check-in staff & location Define Check-in routine & how to train check-in staff Teacher check-in/check-out routine defined

  32. Developing a Point Card

  33. Fit your Context:Make the program/card your own • Use a School name, mascot, motto • Sunshine Club • Hawk Report • HUG – Hello, Update, Goodbye • CnC – Check-n-Connect • CICO – Check-In/Check-Out • BEP – behavior Education Program

  34. Point Card Guidelines • Try to use 1 card for the program • Use common schedule if possible • Use School-wide Rules • Keep it simple • Card needs to be quick & easy for staff to complete • Card needs to be small (half sheet) & easy to carry around

  35. Too complicated… Too many ratings

  36. High School/Middle School Example

  37. Example Middle School Point Card

  38. Modifying CICO • Younger children (K-1st grade) • Less words, more pictures • More frequent checks during day • Earn rewards more often

  39. CICO Home Report Name: _____________________ Date: _____________ ______ I met my goal today ______ I had a hard day One thing I did really well today was:_______________________ Something I will work on tomorrow is: _______________________ Comments: Parent/Guardian Signature: ________________________________________________________ Comments:

  40. Developing the Daily Progress Report Card • 7. Daily CICO progress report card • Same expectations for all • Common schedule • All staff taught rules for accepting, completing and returning the card. • 8. Home report process • Can be same as progress card or a separate reporting form Activity 6: Daily Progress Report developed Home report routine developed Define how families will be informed of process

  41. Referral Process & Student Selection

  42. Morning Check-in Parent Feedback Regular Teacher Feedback Bi-weekly Progress Monitoring Meeting Afternoon Check-out Revise Program Student Referred for CICO Request for Assistance ODR Level Family or Student request BASIC CYCLE Check In Check Out (CICO) CICO Plan/ Initial Meeting Teach/Role Play Skills CICO Coordinator behavior support team CICO Coordinator Summarizes Data For Decision Making Exit Program

  43. Identification and Referral • Multiple office referrals • ID at-risk students at beginning of school year based on previous years data • ID students based on cumulative ODR in school year • Referral • by teacher • Teacher Request for Assistance • by parent • Time to action: • 30 min to 7 days (goal is < 72 hours)