### Outline: Independence. Odds ratios. Random variables. Distribution function, pmf, density. Expected value .

Outline: Independence. Odds ratios. Random variables. Distribution function, pmf, density. Expected value . Independence: P(B | A) = P(B) (and vice versa) [so, when independent, P(A&B) = P(A)P(B|A) = P(A)P(B).] Reasonable to assume the following are independent:

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