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Warm-Up

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Warm-Up

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  1. Warm-Up What is the official language of Brazil? Why is this the language that they speak?

  2. Brazil

  3. Only TAKE notes on the Underlined info!

  4. Brazil (Just the Facts) • Capital: Brasilia • Language: Portuguese • 5th largest country in the world • 3 time zones • Population over 200 million • 26 states

  5. History • Native people dating back 10,000 years ago • At least 2,000 tribes • War between native people was common • Cannibalism and slavery against enemies • Claimed by Portugal in 1500

  6. The Portuguese • Many natives died of European illnesses • Flu, measles, small pox • Disease travelled much faster than bullets • 2 centuries of constant war • Portuguese vs. Natives • Sugar • Import of West African slaves • Gold

  7. Colony • Brazil thrived as Portuguese colony for nearly 300 years • But the territory was constantly contested • In 1807, the king of Portugal moved his court to Brazil. • Napoleon was nearing Lisbon • After the war in Europe, the courts told him to come back • He didn’t want to

  8. Independence • September 7, 1822=Independence Day • Monarchy • War • Lots of war • 1889- Monarchy is overthrown

  9. Since then • Turmoil

  10. Fast facts 2 • 5th largest economy • Socio-economic divide • Haves and have nots • Extreme wealth and extreme poverty • Corruption • Led to protests in 2013

  11. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fm3P1E9vtDY • http://www.nytimes.com/video/world/americas/100000002346125/brazils-seeds-of-protest.html

  12. Get out your note cards • What killed most of the native peoples? • R– The jaguar • Y– European Disease • G– The more advanced European weapons

  13. What was the first crop that made Brazil a valuable colony? • R—Gold • Y– Cotton • G– Sugar

  14. Why did Portugal import West African Slaves? • R—To farm sugar cane • Y—To search the Amazon for Gold • G– To teach the native people

  15. What year did Brazil gain independence from Portugal? • R—1996 • Y—1822 • G--1847

  16. What initially caused the 2013 riots in Brazil? • R—An increase in bus fare • Y—A soccer loss to Argentina • G—Anger at the emperor of Brazil