Unit 3 Food and Drinks
Questions • Do you like fast food? • What do you think of the western food? • You often go to the Mcdonald's or KFC? • Do you know Pizza? Have you ever had it?
Text • come up with • Can you come up with an explanation of your failure in the exam? • in the shape of • The chocolate cake was made in the shape of a heart. • along with • She lost her beloved son when the accident happened, along with her pet dog.
except (v.) • You will be punished, I can except no one. • "All of us, nobody excepted, agree to the decision." • The crew on the ship were all saved excepting the captain.
except(conj.) • She can do everything except cook. Most of the Chinese people usually go to work on the bike except when it rains. • Most of the Chinese people usually go to work on the bike except when it rains. • His report is correct except that some details are omitted.
except (prep.) • We all went except John. • I can answer all the questions except for the last one • Except for one old lady, the bus was empty.
take the shape of • These flowers take the shape of the sun when they bloom. • mirror • She looked at herself in the mirror.(n.) • The election results mirror public opinion quite well.(v.) • loyalty(n.) loyal(adj.)（常与to连用） • My loyalties lie with my family. • The people stayed loyal to their country. • He is loyal to his cause.
hit • The boy hit the other boy and was naturally punished by the headmaster.(v.) • The baby hit his forehead against the corner of a desk and began to cry.(v.) • That song was a hit last year.(n.) • The song was a hit at once and its recording tape rose to No.1 on the bestseller list.(n.)
name…after/for • John was named after his uncle. (v.) • What is your family name?(n.) • The teacher knows all the pupils by their first name.(n.) • He has a name for honesty.(n.)
process • the process of learning to read • the process of digestion • occupy(v.) • Mr. Smith gave us a lecture that occupied three hours yesterday. • You may sit here. This seat is unoccupied. • The city was occupied by the enemy.
immigrant • Immigrants can't work in the United States without a permit. • migrate(v.) • People migrate to find work. • The Lius migrated to Canada many years ago. • Some birds migrate to find warmer weather.
origin • Many Americans are African by origin. • The origins of some words are unknown. • the origins of civilization • original (adj.) • Who was the original owner of this house? • This is the original painting, and these others are copies.
popularize • A famous dancer popularized the new hairstyle. • popularize science/education • contain(v.) • The book contains some amusing passages. • The album contains many memorable songs. • create (v.) • create a poem; create a role. • Man creates history.
spread • The bird spread its wings. • The fire spread from the factory to the houses near by. • The illness spread through the village. • The news of victory spread apace.
taste • My sense of taste isn't very good; I have a cold.(n.) • Chocolate has a sweet taste. • Do you have a taste of this tea. • After they retired, they began to taste the joys of the happy life. • But now people have enough money to taste a rich variety of foods.(v.) • This tea tastes sweet.(link verb)
treat • We must treat the students equally. (v.) • He treated his mistake as a joke. • The doctor decided to treat the illness with a special pill. • I’m going to treat my sister to the theater on her birthday. • A day in the country is a real treat for a city person.(n.) • This is my treat.
1)wish, if only表示愿望的 wish,etc. +宾语从句 [主语+did(were)(与现在事实相反)] wish,etc. +宾语从句 [主语+had done(与过去事实相反)] wish, etc. +宾语从句 [主语+would/should do(表示命令等语气)]
Examples I wish she were here. I wish she had taken my advice. I wish I had never seen her. He wished she might do better next time I wish you wouldn’t be so nervous. If only she had known where to find you. If only I could speak several foreign languages.
2)If引导的从句 • 从句 主句 • 与现在v-ed(were) would +v 事实相反(could) • 与过去had +v-ed would have +v-ed 事实相反(could) • 与将来v-ed would +v 事实相反were to +v (might) should +v
3)由would rather/would sooner引起的 • would rather/would sooner+主语+did (与现在事实相反) • would rather/would sooner+主语+had done (与过去事实相反) • would rather/just as soon+主语+would do (表示愿望)
Examples • I’d rather do it today. • I’d rather not have told her the news. She is such a gossip. • I’d rather have stayed at home than went to the dull film. • I’d rather she hadn’t done that. • He would sooner die than surrender.
4)表示坚持、建议、命令、要求等意义的词+宾语从句用 should +do表示， should可省略 • Mike’s uncle insists that he not stay in this hotel. • She suggested that he study maths at evening class. • My friend recommended that I should accept the gift.
5)表示坚持、建议、命令、要求等意义的名词+同位语从句时,用 should +do表示 should 可省略 • We are all for your proposal that the discussion be put off. • My suggestion is that the experiment be done in another way.
6)it is/was+suggested,ordered, necessary, important用 should +do表示， should 可省略 • It is suggested that students should take an active part in social event. • It is necessary that the meeting begin at once. • 7)It is (about, high )time +从句用过去式表示 • It’s already 5 o’clock now. Don’t you think it’s about time we went home.
8)由but for, without, lest 等引导 • Without your help, I would not have got the reward. • But for his help, I would not have finished the physics exercise so quickly. • I obeyed her lest she should be angry. • Be careful lest you fall from that tree.
9)错综时间条件句 Had I taken my umbrella with me when I came out this morning, I should not be wet now. If you had spoken to him last time you saw him, you would know what to do now. If I were you, I wouldn’t have missed the film last night. If they had left home in early morning, it would arrive in half an hour.
After-class Reading • imagine + that …. • Imagine you've been shipwrecked. • He imagines that people don't believe him. • on a warn summer day • On the morning of April 7, she came back from abroad. • over and over • She repeated what she said over and over.
begin doing sth./ to do sth. • When the boy saw the nurse entering, he began crying/ to cry. • in style • Today she is wearing a dress in style, with great attraction. • put on the dog • Don’t put on the dog if they come to ask you for help.
Homework • Finish off the exercises to the text and vocabulary. • Go through the After-reading. • Preview grammar and try to finish the exercises.