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War on the frontier

War on the frontier

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War on the frontier

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  1. War on the frontier Chapters 16.1–16.2

  2. U.S. Troops return • After the Civil War, U.S. troops returned to Texas to assist during Reconstruction. • Texans were disappointed when these troops did not protect them from native raids.

  3. Native raids • This lack of protection along the frontier gave Natives a chance to raid Anglo settlements. • Natives killed 162 Texans in raids between 1865 & 1867.

  4. Quanah parker • One of the most powerful Comanche leaders who opposed Anglo settlement was Quanah Parker. • His mother, Cynthia Ann Parker, had been captured during a Comanche raid in 1836. She adopted their culture, married Chief Peta Nocona & had Quanah Parker.

  5. Treaty of medicine lodge creek • In 1867, the U.S. government arranged a peace treaty with Comanche, Kiowa, Cheyenne & Arapaho chiefs at Medicine Lodge Creek in Kansas.

  6. Treaty of medicine lodge creek • This treaty established a 3-million acre reservation in Oklahoma where the U.S. government promised to send food & supplies. • In return, natives would move onto the reservation & stop raids against settlers.

  7. Failure of the treaty • The Treaty of Medicine Lodge Creek failed since some natives refused to move onto the reservation. • They did not want to lose their independence, or their spiritual connection to their land.

  8. Failure of the treaty • The Treaty of Medicine Lodge Creek also failed because the U.S. government did not provide enough food & supplies for the reservation. • Also, buffalo hunters were allowed to enter & hunt on the reservation. • Buffalo Hunter: Person who slaughtered buffalo for the value of their hides

  9. Buffalo soldiers • Buffalo Soldier: African American fighter on the frontier • Buffalo soldiers mapped, built roads & patrolled the frontier to protect settlers from native raids. • Sadly, these soldiers were often harassed & even killed by the Anglos they were protecting.

  10. Quaker peace policy • The U.S. government tried a peace policy based on the gentle ways of the religious group called the Quakers. • Since this approach brought peace with natives in Pennsylvania, the U.S. hoped it would work in the South. • Sadly, it failed & the U.S. decided that natives would have to be “removed.”