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  1. Grammar

  2. Verbs • There are 3 Types of VERBS: 1. Action verbs 2. Linking verbs 3. Helping verbs

  3. Verb: What is its Purpose? • A verb is one of the most important parts of the sentence. • ALL sentences must have a subject (who or what is doing an action) AND a VERB (an action or state of being). • It tells the subjects’ actions, events, or state of being. • It is always found in the predicate of a sentence.

  4. Action Verbs: SING! PAINT! DANCE! GIGGLE! CHEW! What are these words doing? They are expressing ACTION, something that a person, animal, force of nature CAN DO.

  5. To find the verb: Locate the subject Then ask yourself, “What is it doing?” The dog barked. Who? The DOG is the subject “What did the dog do?” barked The verb is barked. It’s what the dog is doing.

  6. Let’s Practice: The lighthouse shines brightly. What? Lighthouse = the subject “What does the lighthouse do?” shines The verb isshines,it’s what the lighthouse does.

  7. Identify the SUBJECT and the ACTION VERB in the following sentences: 1. Clyde sneezes with the force of a tornado. 2. Because of the spoiled mayonnaise, Ricky vomited potato salad all day.

  8. Clyde sneezes with the force of a tornado. Subject =Who? Or What? = Clyde What can Clyde do = sneezing = action verb Because of the spoiled mayonnaise, Rickyvomited potato salad all day. Subject =Who? Or What? = Ricky What can Ricky do = vomiting = action verb

  9. Note: * If you are unsure whether a sentence contains an action verb or not, look at every work in the sentence and ask yourself, * “Is this something that a person or thing CAN DO?” * For Example: During the summer, my poodle constantly drools. Can you during? Is during something you can do? Can you the? Is there someone the-ing outside the window right now? Can you summer? Can you my? Can you poodle or constantly? Can you drool? BINGO! Sure you can! Hopefully it’s not while you are sleeping during English class!

  10. HELPING VERBS Helping verbs are words that are paired with an action verb to create the full verb. Commonly Used Helping Verbs: Forms of BE am, been, was, are, being, were, be is Forms of DO do, does, did Forms of HAVE had, has, have Other Helping Verbs: can, might, should, could must, will, may shall, would

  11. Examples: The maestrowill conduct many outstanding orchestras. Subject = maestro Main verb = conduct Helping verb = will Verb phrase = will conduct Hehas been praised for his fine conducting. Subject = He Main verb = praised Helping verbs = has been Verb phrase = has been praised The helping verb + the main verb = the verb phrase.

  12. You Try: His recordings should be heard by anyone interested in classical music. Subject = Main verb = Helping Verb(s) = Verb phrase =

  13. You Try: His recordingsshould be heard by anyone interested in classical music. Subject = recordings Main verb = heard Helping Verb(s) = should and be Verb phrase = should be heard

  14. Is it a HELPING or ACTION Verb? 1. He did eat his lunch. 2. He did his homework last night.

  15. Linking Verbs • Verbs that express EXISTENCE • They do NOT express action. • They CONNECT the subject to a word or words that identifies or describes the subject.

  16. True Linking Verbs: These verbs are ALWAYS Linking verbs Am, is, are, were, be, being, been, seem, become, has been, are being, was being, is being Sometimes a Linking Verb These verbs may be a linking verb. Sometimes they are an action verb. Their function in a sentence determines if they are a linking or action verb. Appear, feel, grow, look, smell, sound, taste, taste, turn, prove, get, remain, stay, make

  17. The noun, pronoun or adjective that is connected to the subject by the LINKING VERB completes the meaning of the verb. The LINKING VERB acts as an = sign in the sentence. Examples: The football player is a finalist for the award. Player = finalist Madame Curie became a famous scientist. Madame Curie = scientist The watermelon looks ripe. Watermelon = ripe

  18. How Can You Tell if a Verb is a Linking Verb or an Action Verb? If you can substitute a TRUE LINKING VERB in the sentence and it sounds LOGICAL, it’s a LINKING VERB. Examples: The school lunch looked repulsive. I can substitute WAS in this sentence and it makes sense. So…LOOKED is a LINKING VERB in this sentence. I looked everywhere for my watch. When I substitute a true linking verb like WAS in this sentence it does NOT make sense. Looked is an ACTION verb in this sentence.

  19. Write a sentence that uses APPEAR as a LINKING verb. Then, write a sentence that uses APPEAR as an ACTION verb.