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FOSSIL FUELS

FOSSIL FUELS

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FOSSIL FUELS

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  1. FOSSIL FUELS Coal, Oil, and Natural Gas By: Andrea S.

  2. COAL

  3. History of Coal • Coal was used for heating by cavemen in England • During Industrial Revolution, coal used to run steam engines • 1880, started being used for generating electricity and heating

  4. Pros and Cons • Limited supply • Air pollution • Produces most carbon dioxide when burnt (global warming) • Produces sulfur dioxide (breathing problems, contributes to acid rain) • Strip mining destroys habitats • Heat • Electricity (50% from coal) • One of cheapest ways

  5. Coal Mines in B.C. • Coal Mountain • Elkview • Line Creek • Greenhills • Fording River • Brule • Perry Creek • Roman Mountain • Trend Mine • Quinsam Coal Mine

  6. OIL

  7. History of Oil • In ancient times, oil was easy to access (oil seeps on ground), used as medicine • 1850, American sold it in bottles to cure ailments • Many oil wells were drilled afterwards

  8. Pros and Cons • Electricity • Heating • Fuel for powering motors • Boosts our economy • Easier to pump out than coal • Limited supply • Air pollution • Releases carbon dioxide (global warming) • Tanker ships can spill • Pipelines can burst • Releases sulfur dioxide (breathing problems, contributes to acid rain) • Disturbs habitats

  9. Oil Refineries in B.C. • Burnaby Oil Refinery-largest in the province • Prince George Oil Refinery

  10. NATURAL GAS

  11. History of Natural Gas • 400 BC, Chinese used it to boil water • 100 AD, Persian king built his kitchen around natural gas flame (struck by lightning) • 1700, British used for lighting • 1800, used in North America for lighting • 1885, used for Bunsen burners

  12. Pros and Cons • Electricity • Heating • Liquefied for easier transportation, converted back to gas • Less pollution than coal • Can be bottled up for car fuel • Limited supply • Air pollution • Carbon dioxide (global warming) • Very flammable • Can’t see or smell • Explosions, oil spills • Disturbs ocean habitats

  13. Natural GasCompanies in B.C. • MontneyFormation • Precision Drilling Corp. • Calfrac Well Service • Trican Well Service Ltd.

  14. Generation Process • Fossil fuel goes to power plant • Burned in a boiler, water becomes steam • Steam goes through pipes to turbine • The steam spins the turbine blades. • Spinning blades cause shaft to turn inside generator • Electrical current is produced • Electricity travels through wires to cities

  15. Price • Approximately 9¢/kWh • Prices expected to rise because the supply is slowly running out

  16. http://www.fe.doe.gov/education/energylessons/coal/coal_history.htmlhttp://www.fe.doe.gov/education/energylessons/coal/coal_history.html http://kids.rrc.state.tx.us/school/classroom/coal/coaluse.html http://library.thinkquest.org/6075/coal.html http://www.fortisbc.com/About/RegulatoryAffairs/ElecUtility/Rates/Pages/default.aspx http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/b-c-s-natural-gas-reserves-double-previous-estimates-1.2417050 http://business.financialpost.com/2013/06/17/service-companies-buoyed-by-jump-in-gas-activity-in-b-c/ http://www.fplsafetyworld.com/?ver=kkblue&utilid=fplforkids&id=16196 http:///www.resilience.org/stories/2004-10-20/rising-fossil-fuel-prices-boost-prospects-renewable-energy# http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/article-286239/petroleum http://www.energybc.ca/map/fossilfuelinfrastructure.html http://rabble.ca/blogs/bloggers/progressive-economics-forum/2011/07/decarbonizing-homes-and-price-gas http://www.kidzworld.com/article/1423-fossil-fuel-energy http://www.energyzone.net/aboutenergy/fossil_fuels.asp http://www.darvill.clara.net/altenerg/fossil.htm Sources