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Adjectives

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Adjectives

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  1. Adjectives Adverbs

  2. Adjectives • Adjectives modify nouns. • To modify means to change in some way • Adjectives change nouns by limiting them, or distinguishing them from other nouns. Example: Cookie is a noun. • We limit or change it when we modify it with an adjective: chocolate cookie enormous cookie charlie’s cookie

  3. Adjectives • Adjectives answer the following questions: • Which one? • What kind? • How many?

  4. Which one? • Finally! Here comes the last bus. • That child is something else. • These pretzels are making me thirsty. • The tall girl has no interest in basketball. • Joe’s bicycle only weighs three pounds. • We are a little worried about the smell emanating from your locker.

  5. What kind? • I would like to give her a silverplatter. • They found lots of little bumps on the screen • Something wicked this way comes. • These southern counties are suffering from severe drought. **As you can see, adjectives frequently immediately precede the noun they modify.**

  6. How many? • I ate three pieces of pizza last night. • He had some thoughts he wanted to share with me. • Many voters waited in line for hours to vote. • Thanks, but I already have enough hot chocolate. • Twelve children got perfect scores on their tests.

  7. AdjectivesDegrees of Comparison • Adjectives can describe degrees of comparison. • Something can be cold, colder, or coldest. • Comparative is used to compare TWO things • Superlative is used to compare THREE or more things. • We usually use THAN with the comparative and THE with the superlative.

  8. Adjectives

  9. Adjectives • When making comparisons with THAN, do you end with the subject form or the object form? • Is she taller than me? • Or is she taller than I? • “She is taller than I” is the correct answer. • Why? The complete thought is “She is taller than I am.” We just leave out the verb in the second clause leaving us with the subject “I”

  10. Adjectives • Some adjectives DO NOT allow for comparisons for reasons that should become obvious as you read the incomplete list below: • Fatal • Preferable • Complete • Impossible • Adequate • Ideal • Unique

  11. Adjectives • Fewer or Less? • When comparing amounts, you have a choice between fewer or less. • If the amount is countable, use fewer. • Fewer drops of water (I can count drops.) • Less water (I can’t count water.) • Fewer minutes left (I can count minutes.) • Less time left (I can’t count time.)

  12. Adverbs • Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. • Adverbs answer the following questions: • When? (which includes how often?) • Where? • How? (which includes under what conditions?) • Why? • To what extent?

  13. Adverbs • Many adverbs end in –ly slowly, cautiously, ferociously • However, many adverbs DO NOT end in –ly yesterday, now, very, quite • Also, some words that end in –ly are not adverbs lovely, friendly, lonely (these are all adjectives) SO BE CAREFUL!

  14. Adverbs that Modify Verbs • She danced beautifully. Beautifully tells us how she danced. • They failed spectacularly. Spectacularly tells us to what degree they failed. • They arrived in New York yesterday. Yesterday tells us when they arrived.

  15. Adverbs that Modify Adjectives • The arrow came alarmingly close to the audience. Alarmingly is an adverb that modifies the adjective close. • It was terribly hot in the upper deck of the stadium. Terribly is an adverb that modifies the adjective hot. • The boldly spoken words would return to haunt the rebel. Boldly is an adverb that modifies the adjective spoken.

  16. Adverbs that Modify Other Adverbs • We frantically urged him to open the door more quickly. More is an adverb modifying the adverb quickly. • No one noticed her as she moved quite stealthily down the hall. Quite is an adverb that modifies the adverb stealthily.

  17. Good or Well • If you are actively smelling or feeling something, use “well”. “Your dog smells really well considering he’s not a hound dog.” • If you are referring to a state of being and not the active sense of smelling, use “good.” “Your dog smells good after going to the groomer.” • If you are referring to your health, use “well”. “I am feeling well again, after taking a few days off work.” • If you are describing your state of mind, use “good”. “I feel good about my performance yesterday.”

  18. Bad or Badly • If you are actively smelling or feeling something, use “badly”. “Your dog smells badly considering he’s a bloodhound!” • If you are referring to a state of being and not the active sense of smelling, use “bad.” “Your dog smells bad after swimming in the pond.” • If you are referring to the act of feeling something, use “badly”. “Ever since I burned my fingertips, I feel badly.” • If you are describing your state of mind, use “bad”. “I feel bad about what I said yesterday.”