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Adjectives

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Adjectives

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  1. Adjectives Chapter Five

  2. Definition • Adjectives are words that modify (describe) a Noun or a Pronoun.

  3. Adjectives often answer… • Which one? • We loved that Christmas break! • What kind? • We will read long novels and short poems this semester. • How many/much? • We do two classes with Mrs. Guess in the morning. • Whose? • These are Caleb’s favorite shoes.

  4. Where do they usually sit? • Right before the word that they modify. • I drink fresh water. • The cold water is tastiest. • Sometimes hot drinks are fun.

  5. Look at the picture and then write four sentences with adjectives about the picture.

  6. Diagramming • The substitute teacher asked several difficult questions.

  7. Diagramming • The new computer got a deadly virus.

  8. Types of Adjectives:#1 – Positive, Comparative, Superlative • Positive: the STEM form of the adjective. • It is a cold day. • Comparative: used to compare TWO people or things. (Add –er or use “more.”) • Today is colder than yesterday. • Superlative: used to compare THREE or MORE people or things. (Add -est or use “most.”) • We have had the coldest winter in ten years!

  9. Cute.

  10. Practice • Write a sentence using fresh, fresher, freshest: • Write a sentence using boxy, boxier, and boxiest: • Write a sentence using hopeful, more hopeful, and most hopeful:

  11. Irregular Words • Good: => _____________ => ____________ • Well: => _____________ => ____________ • Bad: => _____________ => ____________

  12. Types of Adjectives#2: Articles • The three articles are: __________________. They are the mostCOMMON type of adjective. THE is called a “definite article.”A and AN are “indefinite articles.”) • WHY?

  13. Types of Adjectives:#3: Possessives & Independent Possessives A possessive shows _______________________ and is a noun or pronoun form. It always answers the question “WHOSE?” Example: Riley’s sisters are a ton of fun. Her family has a lot of girls!

  14. Possessive Pronoun as an Adjective

  15. Example • Examples: Underline the possessive and draw an arrow to the noun it modifies. • Paul’s team had a winning record. • Britain’s metal detecting reveals amazing treasure! • Her siblings are twins. • Sometimes we tease our friends about their clothes.

  16. Diagram • Paul’s team established a winning record.

  17. Side notes… • NOTE: Independent Possessives are possessives that act in place of a noun or noun phrase. They ARE NOT ADJECTIVES, rather they are nouns or pronouns! • My friend opened Morgen’s. • Could I borrow yours? • Mine is too cold. • You write one: __________________________________________ • ANOTHER NOTE: Sometimes nouns and pronouns act as adjectives in a sentence. (This chocolate is good! OR I have a huge kitchen table!)

  18. Types of Adjectives#4: Proper Adjectives • Proper adjectives are adjectives that are made from PROPER nouns. • Examples: • Coca Cola cake is one of my favorite desserts! • When it’s my birthday, I like to eat Thai food.

  19. Schoolhouse Rock Break • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NkuuZEey_bs&noredirect=1 • http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=159876

  20. Adverbs Chapter 6

  21. Adverbs: Definition • Adverbs MODIFY (or describe) VERBS, ADJECTIVES, and OTHER ADVERBS. • Verb: I ate slowly. • Adjective: The light green shirt was pretty. • Adverb: Gram very quickly kicked the ball.

  22. They Answer Four Questions • WHEN? We arrived later. • WHERE? Darcy waited outside for her friends. • HOW? They walked quickly to the door when the alarm went off. • TO WHAT EXTENT? Emily looked slightly green when the apple fell on her head.

  23. NOTE • The word NOT is an adverb!

  24. Often, Adverbs End in -LY • Adverbs are usually made from other words by adding “-ly” to the end. Slow => ____________________ Quick => ____________________ Clear => ____________________ Fond => ____________________ • NOTE: Not every “-ly” word is an adverb. For example: The lovely girl ate the huge s’more. The cat chased the friendly dog.

  25. Diagram • Rachael sacrificially offered her last brownie. • We slowly ate every morsel.

  26. Exercise • With partners, write a four sentence paragraph that you can act out. Include six good adverbs that can be shown through actions. • If you are watching, guess which adverbs they intend to use by writing them down.

  27. Placement • Adverbs that modify adjectives or other adverbs come just BEFORE the word they modify. Adverbs that modify verbs are movable within a sentence. • Example: We will leave soon.

  28. Comparing with Adverbs

  29. Irregular: ComparativeSuperlative • Well…____________ and ________________ • Badly...____________ and ________________