Adjectives Write Source pg 732-734
Adjectives • An adjective is a word used to describe a noun or a pronoun. Adjectives tell what kind, how many (how much), or which one. They usually come before the word they describe • Ancient dinosaurs • 800 species • That triceratops
Articles • The articles a, an, and the are adjectives. • A brontosaurus was an animal about 70 feet long. • The huge dinosaur lived on land and ate plants.
Proper Adjectives • A proper adjective is formed from a proper noun, and it is always capitalized. • A Chicago museum is home to the skeleton of one of these beasts.
Common Adjectives • A common adjective is any adjective that is not proper. It is not capitalized (unless it is the first word in the sentence). • Ancient mammoths were huge, woolly creatures. • They lived in the ice fields of Siberia.
Demonstrative Adjectives • A demonstrative adjective points out a particular noun. This and these point out something nearby; that and those point out something at a distance. • This mammoth is huge, but that mammoth is even bigger.
Compound Adjective • A compound adjective is made up of two or more words. (Sometimes it is hyphenated) • Dinosaurs were egg-laying animals. • The North AmericanAllosaurus had sharp teeth and powerful jaws.
Indefinite Adjectives • An indefinite adjective gives approximate, or indefinite, information (any, few, many, most, and so on). It does not tell exactly how many or how much. • Some mammoths were heavier than today’s elephants.
Predicate Adjectives • A predicate adjective follows a linking verb and describes the subject. • Mammoths were once abundant, but now they are extinct.
Positive Adjectives • The positive form describes a noun or pronoun without comparing it to anyone or anything else. • The Eurostar is a fast train that runs between London, Paris, and Brussels. • It is an impressive train.
Comparative Adjectives • The comparative form of an adjective (er) compares two persons, places, things, or ideas. • The Eurostar is faster than the Orient Express. • Some adjectives that have more than one syllable show comparisons by their er suffix, but many of them use the modifiers more or less. • It is a speedier commuter train than the Tobu Railway trains in Japan. • This train is more impressive than my commuter train.
Superlative Adjectives • The superlative form (est or most or least) compares three or more persons, places, things, or ideas. • In fact, the Eurostar is the fastest train in Europe. • It is the most impressive commuter train in the world.
Irregular Forms • Some adjectives use completely different words to express comparison. • Good, better, best • Bad, worse, worst • Many, more, most • Little, less, least
Assignment • Write Source (class group practice) • Pg 486 1-10 • Pg 487 1-5
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