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adjectives n.
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Adjectives

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Adjectives

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  1. Adjectives

  2. Adjectives • Describes a noun or pronoun. • Special kinds of words used to make other words more definite. • Modifiers provide additional information. • Adjectives describes or limits the word it modifies.

  3. Look at these sentences … • The boat sank. (without modifier) • The red boat sank. (with modifier)

  4. Placement of adjectives • Adjectives usually come before the nouns they modify. (towering cliffs) • Sometimes they come after the words they modify. (Rainfall is plentiful here)

  5. Adjectives … • Answer questions such as: • What kind? How many? How much? • Which one? Which ones?

  6. Articles • a • an • the

  7. Proper adjective • Formed from a proper noun and is always capitalized. • Example: A Chicago museum

  8. Common adjective • Any adjective that is not proper • Examples: • mammoth • tiny • his

  9. Three types of adjectives • Compound • Demonstrative • Indefinite • Predicate

  10. Compound adjective • More than one word • Example: • scar-faced • well-fed

  11. Demonstrative adjective • Points out a particular noun • Examples: • this • these

  12. Indefinite adjective • An approximate number or quantity • Examples: • some • many

  13. Predicate adjective • Follows linking verb and describes the subject • Example: • The frustrated kitten is unpleasant.

  14. Forms of adjectives • Positive • Comparative • Superlative • Two-syllable • Three or more syllables

  15. Positive adjective • Describes noun/pronoun without comparing it • Example: • Superman is tough. • Superman is wonderful.

  16. Comparative adjective • Compares two persons, places, things, ideas • Examples: • Tarzan is tougher than Superman.

  17. Superlative adjectives • Compares three or more persons, places, things, or ideas • Examples: • But I, Big Bird, am the toughest of all!

  18. Two-syllable adjectives • Show comparisons either by their “er / est” suffixes or by modifiers, like more and most • Examples: • clumsy, clumsier, clumsiest • clumsy, more clumsy, most clumsy

  19. Three or more syllable adjectives • Three or more syllables and usually require the words more/most, less/least to express comparison • Example: • ridiculous, less ridiculous, least ridiculous