CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT • Sought equal rights and an end to segregation for African Americans and other minorities.
Twenty-Fourth Amendment • Ended Poll Taxes
THURGOOD MARSHALL • NAACP lawyer who argued the school segregation case that the Supreme Court ruled on in 1954. He later became the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court.
BROWN VS. BOARD OF EDUCATION • Supreme court case which ended segregation in schools
ROSA PARKS • African-American woman whose refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus started a year-long bus boycott.
MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT • Boycott of public buses by African-Americans to end segregation on buses. After one year, the supreme court ruled segregation illegal.
MARTIN LUTHER KING JR • African-American civil rights leader who worked for integration in nonviolent ways. Famous for his “I have a Dream” speech.
MARCH ON WASHINGTON • In August of 1963, more than 200,000 civil rights supporters marched in Washington D.C. This is where Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his famous “I Have a Dream” speech.
ASSASSINATION OF MLK • On April 4, 1968, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated on the balcony of his hotel in Memphis, TN. Riots and violence broke out as a result.
VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965 • Gave the president power to outlaw literacy tests and send federal officials to make sure blacks got a fair chance to vote in elections.
CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 • Made segregation and discrimination illegal in many public places, such as hotels, restaurants, and theaters.
ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY • Lee Harvey Oswald assassinated President Kennedy in Dallas, TX on November 22, 1963. The whole nation mourned his death.
Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy • Robert F. Kennedy was attorney general and played a key role in ending the Cuban Missile Crisis. He was against the Vietnam War. He ran for president, but was assassinated in 1968.
TELEVISION • Television made an impact on society in the 1950s, through news of the Vietnam war, Presidential debates of Kennedy and Nixon, and for entertainment.
SPACE EXPLORATION • President Kennedy challenged the U.S. to put a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s in the space race against the Soviet Union. This has brought many benefits like communications, navigation, and weather forecasting.