1. an old man Four Passing Sights http://webonautics.com/mythology/images/buddha_old.jpg
2. a sick man who was diseased ridden 3. a corpse on the way to being cremated 4. a holy man who had no possessions but was at peace A Change for a Change Maker http://webonautics.com/mythology/images/buddha_tour2.jpg
Four Noble Truths Embody the idea that craving is the source of suffering and the cessation from craving releases suffering .
1. Duhkha or suffering is everywhere Four Noble Truths http://www.buddhanet.net/images/b_ink12.jpg
2. Tanha or Craving or desire is the source of suffering 3. Relieving craving ceases suffering--when craving ceases entirely through dispassion, renunciation, and nondependence, then suffering ceases 4. The path leading to cessation of suffering is the Eightfold Path
Eight Fold PathThe Way to Inner Peace • Three Main Goals • face life objectively • live kindly • cultivate inner peace
Some Things to Remember • The steps or recommendations are not to be practiced sequentially but all together • The word “right” might be better translated as “correct” or “complete.”
1. Right views 2. Right intention 3. Right speech 4. Right action 5. Right livelihood 6. Right effort 7. Right mindfulness 8. Right concentration Eight Fold Path
Ethical Dimension • The Five Precepts
Bodhisattva • Being who is to become fully enlightened (possesses bodhi); especially as applied to Gautama, the future Buddha. More generally, in Mahayana Buddhism the term applies to those who have experience enlightenment(bodhi) but who have taken a special vow to continue being reborn into samsara["the great run-around"](rather than entering nirvana) so as to deliver others form their suffering by aiding in the attainment of enlightenment.
Dhama (Dhamma) • Has many meanings in Buddhist texts, the proper one being determining by context and use. However some of the meanings are: the teaching of the Buddha; the Truth; The Real; moral law; the right duty; religion.
Karma (Kamma) • Act, action, deed performed by body, speech, or mind, which, according to the intention it embodies, will have a set consequence experienced in this or future rebirth. Good karma are those things that are positive; bad karma is negative.
Mara • Killing, death, "Destroyer," "Tempter," the personification of evil or attachment to transient conditioned reality (the Wheel of Life) or to this world as an obstacle to attaining of enlightenment; the god of desire and death.
Nirvana • "Blowing out, quenching (as of a fire)"; the goal of Buddhism, the extinguishing of passionate attachment or desire (raga) fearful hostility or hatred and anger (dvesa), and confusion of delusion (moha), the primary causes of karma and hence bondage of samsara. It is equal to the Hindu goal of moksa (release).
Sangha • Buddhist community which consist of four assemblies; monks, nuns, laymen, and laywomen.
The Development of Buddhism The Energetic King Ashoka (India circa 250 B.C.E.)
Inspection after the battle • He becomes so horrified at the carnage that he decides that he converted to the idea of nonviolence. • He spread the the principle of nonviolence throughout India as a way of converting people. • He built stones which had the principles carved in them.
Three Schools of Buddhist Thought Plus One • Theravada Buddhism • The Way of the Elders • Mahayana Buddhism • The Big Vehicle • Vajrayana Buddhism • The “Diamond Vehicle” • Zen Buddhism • Enlightenment through Experience
The Core of Basic Buddhism • The Three Jewels (Triratna) • The Buddha • Is an ideal whom people should imitate and his image of sitting and meditating with self-control and mindfulness. • The Dharma • is the sum total of Buddhist teachings about how to view the world and how to live properly. • The Sangha • is the community of monks and nuns.