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AUSTRALIA PowerPoint Presentation

AUSTRALIA

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AUSTRALIA

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  1. AUSTRALIA

  2. What comes to your mind…..?(about Australia) An activity A city A building An animal A famous person A reptile A place/sight A musical instrument

  3. What do you know about AUSTRALIA?(basic geographical facts) • the smallest continent • the largest island • the sixth largest country • situated on the southern hemisphere • between the Indian Ocean in the west and thePacific Ocean in the east

  4. AUSTRALIANAMES • the official name is the Commonwealth of Australia • the first name of the land was New Holland • nicknames are Oz, Down Under • Australians call it the “Lucky Country“

  5. AUSTRALIA • capital – Canberra • currency – Australiandollar • area: 7,690,000 square kilometres • population: 22,8millioninhabitants • largestcities – Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Hobart, Darwin • language – English

  6. POLITICAL SYSTEM • a federalstateconsistingof6 states: Western Australia (Perth)Queensland (Brisbane) New South Wales (Sydney)Victoria (Melbourne) SouthAustralia (Adelaide)Tasmania (Hobart) • 2territories: NorthernTerritory (Darwin) AustralianCapitalTerritory (Canberra)

  7. Political system • federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy • the head of state – British monarch (Queen Elizabeth II) • represented by the Governor General (Quentin Bryce) • the head of government – prime minister (Julia Gillard)

  8. Flag • a dark blue field with: • a British Union Jack in the upper left corner • a large seven-pointed white star symbolizing its states • and territories • five white stars representing the constellation of the Southern Cross

  9. AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH differsfromBritish English invocabulary matildasheep stationBriton Jumbuckfarm Pomsleepingbag use words made by shortening: • Aussiefootybarbie • ta • postie • Oz • Australian • football • barbecue • thankyou • postman • Australia

  10. GEOGRAPHY- landscape • mostly flat, grasslands, bushes

  11. GEOGRAPHY - landscape theGreat SandyDesert

  12. GEOGRAPHY - landscape the Great Victoria Desert

  13. GEOGRAPHY - landscape semi-deserts

  14. GEOGRAPHY - landscape • mountainrangessituatedalongtheeasterncoast highest peak: Mount Kosciuczko (2,228m,in theAustralianAlps)

  15. GEOGRAPHY - landscape wonderful coast and beaches

  16. GEOGRAPHY - landscape lowest point: LakeEyre (16 metres bellowthesealevel)

  17. AUSTRALIA – rivers and lakes • landis dry • major rivers: theDarling, the Murray in thesouth-west • lakes: LakeEyre, LakeTorrens the River Darling

  18. Natural wonders - ULURU

  19. ULURU / Ayers Rock • a hugeredsandstone rock rising 348 metres abovethe desert floor, in centralAustralia, south-west from Alice Springs, 600 mil. years old • the surface is covered with a crust rich in iron and silicon and it changes colours from yellow to gold, red, purple during the day Uluru – anAboriginalname Ayers Rock – anEnglishname

  20. HYDEN AND WAVE ROCK rock in theshapeof a perfectwave

  21. GREAT BARRIER REEF world´slongestcoralreef

  22. DEVIL´S MARBLES huge, mysterious-lookingroundstones

  23. CLIMATE • varied • tropical (north) – wet and hot • continental (interieor) - hot and dry (desert) • sub-tropical and temperate(the rest) – warm summers and mild winters

  24. AUSTRALIA - animals • famousforitsanimals • they are unique, theydon´t live anywhereelse in theworld but in Australia • they are dangerous, poisonous, canattackpeople and killthem

  25. The Koala • a treeclimbingmarsupial • looking more like a children´stoythana real animal • feeding on theeucalyptusleaves

  26. The Emu • a largeflightlessbird • itcan run very well

  27. Kangaroo • marsupial, femalehas a pouchforcarryingitsyoung • large, powerful hinf legs, large feet adapted for leaping, • a long muscular tail for balance, • and a small head

  28. The tasmanian devil • makes terrible noise

  29. The platypus • theworld´sstrangest animal • has a bill and webbedfeetlike a duck • itlayseggslike a hen • itsyoungssucklemilklikemammals • itlives in freshwater • it´s a marsupial

  30. Dingo– a wild dog Kiwi

  31. Dangerous animals • spiders • snakes • sharks • crocodiles Black widow

  32. The sheep • not original animal, broughtthere by settlers • Australia has ten times as many sheep as people • big sheepfarms are calledstations • Australiaisthegreatestworld´sproducerofwool (25%)

  33. THE SHEEP STATION

  34. HISTORY of Australia • discovered by theDutch navigatorAbel Tasman in 1642 • thecoastwasexplored by theBritishCaptainJames Cook • he landed in Botany Baynear Sydney in 1770

  35. HISTORY of Australia • the settlement ofAustraliastarted in 1788 witharrivalofabout 1,000 colonistsfromBritain (750 ofthemwere convict) => a British colony was founded(a convictcolony) • golddiscovered in themiddleof 19th century(it increasedthenumberofimmigrantsfromEurope) • in 1901 Australiabecame a British dominion

  36. POPULATION of Australia • 22millioninhabitants • thedensityofpopulatinis very low, most of western and centralparts are uninhabited • halfofthepopulation live in thesouth-eastcornerofthe country between Sydney and Melbourne • 80% ofthepopulationis ofBritishorigin

  37. ABORIGINES • original people of Australia (517,000 today) • originally- huntersusingtheirboomerangsforhuntinganimals • theywerepersecuted, frightenedawayfromtheirlandorkilled

  38. LIFESTYLE • drive on theleft • favouritesports: windsurfingrugbywatersports horseracingtennis beachvolleyballcricket • love outdooractivities – barbecue • in isolatedplaceschildren study athome and use a radio to talk to theirteachers • ifsomeoneisilltheflyingdoctor will visit them by plane