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1. Lesson Plan Using English and Metric Measurements Note: it is suggested to teach this unit one category at a time! Reminder: student learning activities are at the end of this power point.

2. Next Generation Science/Common Core Standards Addressed! • CCSS.Math.Content.8 .EE.A.4 - Perform operations with numbers expressed in scientific notation, including problems where both decimal and scientific notation are used. Use scientific notation and choose units of appropriate size for measurements of very large or very small quantities (e.g., use millimeters per year for seafloor spreading). Interpret scientific notation that has been generated by technology. • CCSS.Math.Content.8.EE.B.5 - Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. For example, compare a distance-time graph to a distance-time equation to determine which of two moving objects has greater speed.

3. Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Standards Addressed! • PST.04.02. Determine structural requirements, specifications and estimate costs for AFNR structures • Sample Measurement: The following sample measurement strands are provided to guide the development of measurable activities (at different levels of proficiency) to assess students’ attainment of knowledge and skills related to the above performance indicator. The topics represented by each strand are not all-encompassing. • PST.04.02.01.a. Summarize and categorize the information needed to complete a bill of materials and cost estimate for an AFNR structure.

4. Bell Work

5. Terms • Metric system • Unit equation • Mile • Pound • Ounce • Meter • Kilometer • Yard • Liter • Gram • Klogram • Gallon • Acre • Hectare • Short ton • Fluid ounce

6. Student Objectives • Explain English and metric linear measurement. • Explain English and metric area measurement. • Explain English and metric volume measurement. • Explain English and metric weight measurement.

7. 12 inches (in.) = 1 foot (ft.) 3 ft. = 1 yard (yd.) 16.5 ft. = 1 rod (rd.) 5.5 yd. = 1 rd. 320 rd. = 1 mile (mi.) 5280 ft. = 1 mile 1720 yd. = 1 mile 1 furlong (fur.) = 1/8 mile 1 furlong. = 660 ft. English Linear Units

8. 1 kilometer (km) = 1000 meters (m) 1 hectometer (hm) = 100 m 1 decameter (dam) = 10 m 1 decimeter (dm) = .1 m 1 centimeter (cm) = .01 m 1 millimeter (mm) = .001 m 1 m = 10 dm = 100cm =1000 mm Metric Linear Units

9. 1 in. = 25.4 mm 1 in. = 2.54 cm 1 ft. = 30.48 cm 1 ft. = .3048 mm 1 yd. = .9144 m 1 rd. = 5.029 m 1 mi. = 1.6093 km 1 fur. = 201.168 m 1 mm = .03937 in. 1 cm = .3937 in. 1 m = 3.281 ft. 1 km = .6214 mi. English–Metric Conversion Units

10. English Area Units • 144 square inches (sq. in.) = 1 square foot (sq. ft.) • 9 sq. ft. = 1 square yard (sq. yd.) • 30.25 sq. yd. = 1 square rod (sq. rd.) • 160 sq. rd. = 1 acre (A) • 43,560 sq. ft. = 1 A • 640 A = 1square mile (sq. mi.) = 1 section • 36 sq. mi. = 1 township (twp.)

11. Metric Area Units • 1 square centimeter (cm 2 ) = • 100 square millimeters (mm 2 ) • 1 square decimeter (dm 2 ) = 100 cm 2 • 1 square meter (m 2 ) = 100 dm 2 • 10,000 m 2 = 1 hectare (ha) • 1 m 2 = 10,000 cm 2 • 100 m 2 = 1 are (a) • 100 a = 1 ha

12. 1 sq. in. = 6.452 cm2 1 sq. ft. = .0929 cm2 1 sq. yd. = .8361 m2 1 sq. mi. = 259 ha 1 sq. mi. = 2.589 square kilometers (km 2) 1 sq. rd. = 25.293 m2 1 A = 40.47 a 1 A = .4047 ha 1 cm 2 = .1549 sq. in. 1 m 2 = 1549 sq. in. 1 m 2 = 10.76 sq. ft. 1 m 2 = 1.196 sq. yd. 1 ha = 2.471 A 1 a = 119.6 sq. yd. English–Metric Conversion Units

13. English Volume UnitsLiquid Measurements • 1 pint (pt.) = 16 ounces (oz.) • 2 pt. = 1 quart (qt.) • 4 qt. = 1 gallon (gal.) • 31.5 gal. = 1 barrel (bbl.) • 7.48 gal. = 1 cubic foot (cu. ft.)

14. English Volume UnitsDry measurements • 1 teaspoon (tsp.) = 1/6 fluid ounce (fl. oz.) • 3 tsp. = 1 tablespoon (tbs.) • 1 tbs. = ½ fl. oz. • 1 cup (c.) = 8 fl. oz. • 2 c. = 1 pt. • 2 pt. = 1 qt. • 8 qt. = 1 peck (pk.) • 4 pk. = 1 bushel (bu.) • 1 bu. = 1.25 cu. ft.

15. English Volume UnitsDry Measurements • 2 pt. = 1 qt. • 8 qt. = 1 peck (pk.) • 4 pk. = 1 bushel (bu.) • 1 bu. = 1.25 cu. ft.

16. Metric Volume UnitsSolid volume: • 1 cubic centimeter (cm 3 ) = • 1,000 cubic millimeter (mm 3 ) • 1 cubic meter (m 3 ) = 1,000,000 cm 3 • 1,000 cm 3 = 1 cubic decimeter (dm 3 ) • 1,000 cm 3 = 1 liter (L) • 1 cm 3 = 1 milliliter (ml)

17. Metric Volume UnitsLiquid volume • 1 ml = .001 L • 1 centiliter (cl) = .01 L • 1 deciliter (dl) = .1 L • 1 decaliter (dal) = 10 L • 1 hectoliter (hl) = 100 L • 1 kiloliter (kl) = 1000 L

18. 1pt. = .4732 L 1qt. = .9463 L 1L = 1.0567 qt. 1gal. = 3.7853 L 1L = .264 gal. 1grain (gr.) = .0648 gram (g) 1oz. = 28.35g 1 pound (lb.) = 453.6g 1 lb. = .4536 kilogram (kg) 1g = 15.432 gr. 1g = .03528 oz. 1kg = 2.204 lb. 1 metric ton ( MT) = 1.1023 ton (T) English–MetricLiquid Conversion Units

19. English Weight Units • 437.5 gr. = 1 oz. • 7,000 gr. = 1 lb. • 16 oz. = 1 lb. • 100 lb .= 1 hundredweight (cwt.) • 2,000 lb. = 1 T • 2,240 lb. = 1 long ton

20. Metric Weight Units • 1 milligram (mg) = .0001 g • 1 centigram (cg) =.01 g • 1 decigram (dg) =.1 g • 1 decagram (dag) = 10 g • 1 hectogram (hg) = 100 g • 1 kilogram (kg) = 1,000 g • 1 MT = 1,000 kg

21. English–MetricWeight Conversion Units • 1 gr. = .0648 g • 1 oz. = 28.35 g • 1 lb. = 453.6 g • 1 lb. = .4536 kg • 1 T = .9072 MT

22. The End! NEXT: Student Learning Activities

23. Student Learning Activities • Sample tests are available in the Lesson Plan tab.

24. Have students make a poster for each unit of measurement. Then have the student(s) teach the class about their unit. Above are some example posters.

25. On the next slides are some foldables that you can make with your students, to help them understand the metric system.

26. Outside Inside