LESSON FIVE • Integrated Concepts • Visual Art and Social Studies: use of materials or resources • Visual Art and Geometry: two and three dimensional shapes • Visual Art and Language Art: artist’s purpose, narrative, descriptive • language, main idea, compare and contrast, oral language, • sequence, inference • Science: properties of soil, natural resources, evidence
All art is made of some material. Some examples of art materials are paper, ink, paint, wood, clay, metal, stone, glass, fiber, and plastic. Both of these art objects are made of the same material. Can you predict what the common material is? How can you tell?
Both art objects are made of clay, but their appearance is very different. Both objects were formed from wet clay and heated in a special kiln or oven until they were hard and fused. The one on the left is glazed, which means the surface has been covered with a layer of colorful glassy material. The one on the right was not glazed.
Even objects made of the same material may look and feel very different. Describe some of the ways they look different to you. How do you imagine each would feel if you could touch it? Can you think of anything in your classroom that would feel the same as either of these objects? What is your evidence?
This kind of art is called sculpture. Can you describe some ways that this sculpture is like or not like a painting or a drawing? We can’t easily see from photographs like this, but sculptures are threedimensional. They are not flat. Sculptures can be measured in height, width and depth.
Artists have a purpose in making art, just as authors have a purpose in writing a story. Can you imagine what this artist’s purpose is? Does this art work seem to be narrative (telling a story)? If so, what is the main idea of the story it is telling? Could you write a story about this character and add more details about what he is doing or how he is feeling?
Art objects of this type are called pottery, ceramics or sometimes just clay. Pottery made in this form may be called a pot, a vessel, a jar or a bowl. How do you think the artist may have formed this pot? Is there enough evidence in this picture for you to predict how large this pot may be? Tell why. What would help you? What do you think the artist’s purpose was in making this object? How could it be used?
If you had a chance to make something from clay, would you rather make a sculpture or a pot or bowl? Tell why. Can you imagine what steps you would follow to create your object from clay? What story (narrative) would you tell if you made a sculpture? How would you plan to use the pot or bowl that you made?
Information about the artists Title: “Large Vessel” Artist/Dates: Clara Couch, American, 1921-2003 Medium: Clay Size: 18” x 15” x 15” Title: “Man Kicking World, II” Artist/Dates: Viola Frey, American, 1933-2004 Medium: Ceramic Size: 125” x 89” x 142 Date: 2004 What else would you like to know about the art or artists? How can you find out?