Lesson Five English II
fop Definition Example • (n) an excessively fashion-conscious man • syn: dandy • When he came in wearing a bow tie, a diamond pinky ring, and carrying a pearl-handled cane, we knew he was a fop.
imprecation Definition Example • (n) a curse • syn: condemnation; anathema • ant: blessing • Jennifer was so angry she pronounced an imprecation on him, his family, and all his friends.
non sequitur Definition Example • (n) something that does not logically follow • syn: fallacy; misconception • “The he would not be a good mayor because he can’t control his own family is a non sequitur,” said John.
sanguine Definition Example • (adj) cheerful; optimistic • Sally’s sanguine personality made everyone in her company pleased to be with her.
bowdlerize Definition Example • (v) to remove offensive passages of a play, novel, etc. • syn: censor • If the editors bowdlerize much more of the book, there won’t be anything left to read.
impair Definition Example • (v) to weaken; to cause to become worse • syn: damage; deteriorate • ant: enhance • Mother used to say that reading in poor light could impair your vision.
panegyric Definition Example • (n) an expression of praise • syn: tribute; extolment • ant: denunciation • The ancient Greeks gave panegyrics and crowns of ivy in tribute to their heroes.
quandary Definition Example • (n) a puzzling situation; a dilemma • syn: predicament • John was in a quandary deciding what his major should be.
ebullient Definition Example • (adj) enthusiastic • syn: exuberant; lively • ant: dejected; dispirited • The ebullient crowd cheered as the royal family appeared.
deference Definition Example • (n) respect; consideration • In deference to the young widow, we moved quietly aside and allowed her to leave first.
carnal Definition Example • (adj) of or relating to the body; sensual • ant: chaste; modest • After receiving complaints, the town council decided to remove the carnal statue from the park area.
nebulous Definition Example • (adj) hazy; vague; uncertain • syn: cloudy; indistinct; obscure • ant: distinct; precise • He had a nebulous feeling of fear all day, but he didn’t understand why until the thunder started.
rakish Definition Example • (adj) dashingly stylish and confident • syn: dapper; jaunty • ant: slovenly; disheveled • Wanting to look rakish for his job interview, Jeremy shined his shoes and pressed razor-edge creases into his shirt and slacks.
elegy Definition Example • (n) a sad or mournful poem • syn: dirge; lament • The reading of the elegy brought tears during the funeral.
pedantic Definition Example • (adj) tending to show off one’s learning • syn: bookish • After one year of college, Tom lost all of his friends because of his pedantic behavior.