Lesson five • English pronunciation and word stress • Presentation techniques - discussion
English pronunciation • Individual speech sounds • Sounds and spelling • Word stress • Prosody
Individual speech sounds • Vowels • Consonants
Difficult distinctions /e/ vs / /e/ / bed bad merry marry beg bag mess mass head had
Diphthongs as complete words • Eye // • Ear //
Difficult distinctions // vs / // / climb limb kind kindle pint hint final finish lilac lily vital vivid
// vs // // // allow below couchcoach foul foal gown own brow grow
// vs // // // now no loud load town tone row (=gräla) row (=ro)
English consonants /p/ pit // thin /b/ bit // then /t/ tin /s/ sap /d/ din /z/ zap /k/ cut // she /g/ gut // measure // cheap /x/ loch, Chanukah // jeep /h/ ham /m/ map /w/ we /n/ nap // run // bang /j/ yes /f/ fat /l/ left /v/ vat
Difficult distinctions - /s/ vs/z/ /z/ /s/ prize price cause course Thursday thirsty peas piece
// vs// // // chop shop cheat sheet chew shoe
// vs/j/ // /j/ Jew you jet yet juice use (noun)
/w/ vs/v/ /w/ /v/ west vest wheel veal wine vine
Individual sounds exercise There are 26 letters in the English alphabet but there are 44 sounds in the English language. This means that the number of sounds in a word is not always the same as the number of letters. The word 'CAT' has three letters and three sounds but the word 'CATCH' has five letters but still only three sounds. If we write these words using phonemic symbols, we can see exactly how many sounds they have. CAT is written /k æ t/ CATCH is written /k æ ʧ/ In 'CATCH' the three letters TCH are one sound represented by one phonemic symbol /ʧ/
Exercise 2 /e/ and / Any friend is better than Ben. Fanny is marrying Adam, as a matter of fact. Merry Annie won’t marry any man, said Marianne. and Luke stood rooted by the food, but he took a good look at the pool, too.
Exercise 2 / and Don’t put too much butter in the pudding. and / The collar was a beautiful blue colour, but the long gloves made Wanda wonder.
Exercise 2 /|o/ and // Don’t mow the low grass – let it grow. The count was astounded by the loud sound of an owl in town. Howard rose and bowed slowly, showing his social know-how. //, /g/ and /nd/ With this ring on your finger you are in no danger.
Exercise 2 /|o/ and Don’t throw it through the hole so soon – you’ll blow the booze to the moon. // and // Charlie is a charming chap. She shared her champagne with him. She chose mutton chops for lunch and was short-changed at the checkout counter.
Exercise 2 // and /j/ In January young general Johnson from Yarmouth went to jail in Germany. Jonathan jumped from his yacht. Yesterday Jean had judo and Jack yoga. /z/ and /s/ In the Zoo we saw zebras grazing on the plains in the dazzling sunshine.
Spelling-Pronunciation Exercise The following words can be pronounced differently with different meanings. What are the pronunciations and their respective meanings • bass • bow • does • lead • moped • dove • sow • suit • wind • tear
Word stress noun-verb suspectsuspect rebel rebel contractcontract permitpermit exportexport
Word stress advertiseradvertisement analyzeanalysis ambiguous ambiguity contribution contributory horizon horizontal obligation obligatory
Model answer advertizeadvertisment(BrE) advertisment(AmE) advertisment(AmE) /dvtsmnt (BrE) /dvtsmnt (AmE)