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Civil Rights Movement

Civil Rights Movement

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Civil Rights Movement

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  1. Civil Rights Movement

  2. Definitions • Civil Disobedience-Refusal to obey civil laws in an effort to induce change in governmental policy or legislation, characterized by the use of passive resistance or other nonviolent means. • Non-violent resistance-Not passive, but behaving in a non-violent manner when approached or provoked • Segregation-to separate people according to race

  3. Amendments • 13th-Abolished slavery • 14th-guaranteed all citizens equal protection under the law • 15th-right to vote regardless of race

  4. Plessy v. Ferguson • Plessy v. Ferguson: In June of 1892 Homer Plessy was jailed for sitting in the “white” car of the East Louisiana Railroad Company after identifying himself as black, in response to Louisiana passing the Separate Car Act • Plessy’s case went all the way to the Supreme Court, where his lawyer argued that separate cars violated the 13th and 14th amendments • The Plessy v. Ferguson case stated that separate but equal public facilities were constitutional • Jim Crow laws were enforced

  5. NAACP • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People • Created by W.E.B. Dubois in 1909 • Fights for equality

  6. Seven year old Linda Brown has to travel thru a train switch yard to get to the bus stop to take her to the “black” school, even though there was a “white” school only a few blocks from her house With help from the NAACP, Linda’s father fights the system Landmark case that decided that segregation in public schools is illegal-May 17, 1954 Brown v. Board of Education

  7. Lawyer who fought for Linda Brown First African American Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall

  8. Southern Baptist minister who promoted non-violent methods of protest Was arrested 38 times in his quest for equality Constant death threats, as well as bomb threats at his home Was assassinated at age 38 Martin Luther King Jr.

  9. Marches • People marched in protest over many of the issues faced by African Americans • Police used dogs to quell civil unrest • Fire hoses were turned on young civil rights demonstrators

  10. This was a peaceful demonstration to promote Civil Rights and economic equality for African Americans March on Washington 1963

  11. The event was highlighted by King's "I Have a Dream" speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial. August 28, 1963 March on Washington 1963

  12. Civil Rights Act of 1964 • New law that made it illegal for restaurants, hotels, hospitals, and other public places to discriminate against people on the basis of race • Other new laws made it illegal to deny equal housing opportunities, and to charge a poll tax or otherwise keep minorities from voting (24th amendment to the U.S. Constitution) • Pushed through by Lyndon Baines Johnson