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World War Two Cartoons

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  1. World War Two Cartoons What is the message of this cartoon? (6 Marks) © Hodder Murray

  2. Mark Scheme • Level 1 – Surface use of the cartoon (1 – 2) • Level 2 – Interpretation only (2 – 3) • Level 3 – Interpretation supported by detail from the cartoon or contextual knowledge (4 - 5) • Level 4 – Interpretation supported by detail from the cartoon and contextual knowledge (6) © Hodder Murray

  3. 17 SOURCE Nazi Flags The message of this cartoon is ... That Germany are ignoring the Lacarno treaty and the Treaty of Versailles. The Nazi’s are shown to be aggressive by the weapons on the goose. This was published in response to the remilitarisation of the Rhineland. Peace, German style Germany is walking over the Lacarno treaty, showing they are ignoring it Armed goose Satirical, nursery rhyme A British cartoon about the reoccupation of the Rhineland, 1936. Pax Germanica is Latin and means ‘Peace, German style’. © Hodder Murray

  4. 13 SOURCE Faces of France & Russia sinister & evil. Geographically Russia & France surround Germany, this is shown here by them holding hands. Germany is shown as being fully armed USA are saying that this situation is not good for anyone, it won’t bring peace. An American cartoon published in March 1936 showing the encirclement of Germany by France and the USSR. © Hodder Murray

  5. 19 SOURCE A Stealing the Austrian integrity Mussolini says: I never heard anything. This is showing his Support for Hitler. March on Rome Hitler, German leader Criticism of Germany taking control of Austria, the Anschluss. Taking Austria is now legal – ‘Good hunting’ A cartoon from Punchcommenting on the Anschluss, 1938. © Hodder Murray

  6. 19 SOURCE B This cartoon shows Hitler’s aggression, that he is prepared to go ‘deep fishing’ to get what he wants and that he doesn’t care about people. Hitler was land hungry and wasn’t going to stop at one fish or piece of land. Hitler Italy Austria A Soviet cartoon commenting on the Anschluss, 1938, showing Hitler catching Austria. © Hodder Murray

  7. 22 Hitler marching to his own tune as he violates Versailles SOURCE Final destination is world domination World leaders aren’t standing up to Hitler, they are shown as being spineless Low cartoon Criticism of the leaders for not standing up to Hitler. A cartoon by David Low from the London Evening Standard, 1936. This was a popular newspaper with a large readership in Britain. © Hodder Murray

  8. 24 Germany pushing its weight on other countries. SOURCE GB & France not making a stand despite that they are going to be affected eventually Eggs in one basket show that Britain is taking a risk and they didn’t have support from all there empire. This cartoon was published in response to the Anschluss Britain are being criticised for doing nothing Low cartoon David Low cartoon commenting on the Anschluss, 1938. © Hodder Murray

  9. 23 SOURCE This cartoon shows a bleak future for Britain if the government fail to stand up to Hitler and his foreign policy. WW1 generation would be familiar with such scenes. Gas masks This is a punch cartoon, they were often critical of the British Government . A cartoon from Punch, November 1937. Punch was deeply critical of the British government’s policies that allowed Hitler to achieve what he wanted in the 1930s. The magazine was an important influence on public opinion, particularly among educated and influential people. It had a circulation of about 120,000 copies per week during the 1930s. © Hodder Murray

  10. Chamberlain: seemingly aware of what is happening behind him. Germany speaking Czech people have allowed Germany in, this will have an impact on Britain eventually. 32A SOURCE Germany shown as aggressive A British cartoon commenting on the Sudetenland crisis of 1938. © Hodder Murray

  11. Chamberlain, has his sleeves rolled up showing he is ready to work 32B SOURCE Chamberlain is trying to push the world to peace, but could be endangering the world and we could end up in war. The world is just passed the crack, suggesting that Chamberlain might make it A British cartoon commenting on the Sudetenland crisis of 1938. © Hodder Murray

  12. 35 SOURCE If Germany is allowed to take Czechoslovakia then eventually others will fall, including Britain & France. Britain, looks laid back reading the paper, unaware of what is happening A British cartoon from 1938. © Hodder Murray

  13. This cartoon is in reference to theNazi – Soviet Pact 44 SOURCE Hitler and Stalin are meant to be friends, but both have a gun behind their back. This cartoon suggests that theNazi – soviet pact was about buying time for both sides. A British cartoon from 1939. © Hodder Murray

  14. Model Answer – with reference to source 32 B Tells us what is happening at the time – context • Chamberlain has been following a policy of appeasement, and has recently signed the Munich agreement, where Britain and Germany agreed not to go to war. However, this cartoon suggests that although Chamberlain has worked hard, his sleeves are rolled up, the war is still likely to go to war. This is shown by the world being pushed along the plank which is cracked, if it breaks the war plunges to war. This cartoons suggests that war is likely. People are named Gives the message of the cartoon Uses details to back up its points © Hodder Murray