POETRY What do you think it is? Turn and talk with your table!
Definition. • po·et·rynoun\ˈpō-ə-trē \ • writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through meaning, sound, and rhythm
It’s ok. In English… • Poetry is a type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form.
2 week plan • Explore poems, get personal with poets, dabble in writing, conquer the world,etc. • The Nitty Gritty: We will learn about six specific types of poems. The unit test will cover these poems and all that they entail.
2 products • Poetry Packet • Original poetry book • AND, we will conclude the unit with a COFFEE HOUSE!
Free Verse • Very conversational- sounds like someone is talking with you • Does NOT have rhyme • Does NOT have any specific number of lines or stanzas
Fog by Carl Sandburg The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on.
VOCAB. PIT STOP • LINE: a group of words together on one line of the poem • STANZA: a group of lines arranged together RHYME: words sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds. Ex: LAMP, STAMP
Traditional form of Japanese poetry Usually about Nature 3 lines Five syllables Seven syllables Five syllables Haiku Nature Animals Seasons
Examples Urban Haiku Freeway overpass-- Blossoms in graffiti on Fog-wrapped June mornings -Michael R. Collings Christmas Snow On new fallen snow Footsteps tromping with presents Big celebration - Max Coryell stories in flight Haiku Traffic Signs
VOCAB. PIT STOP • IMAGERY: the use of vivid description, usually rich in sensory words, to create pictures, or images, in the reader’s mind • ALLITERATION: consonant sounds repeated at the beginning of words
Vocab. Pit stop • ONOMATOPOEIA: words that imitate the sound they are naming • Ex. Buzz (like a bee)
LIMERICK • Often contain hyperboles, onomatopoeias, alliteration, internal rhyme, etc. • Meant to be funny • Last line is meant to be the “punch” line • 5 lines • Lines 1, 2, and 5 have 7-10 syllables • Lines 3 and 4 have 5-7 syllables • Rhyme scheme • a a b b a
Vocab. Pit stop • RHYME SCHEME: the pattern of rhyme. Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern. • HYPERBOLE: exaggeration often used for emphasis
Vocab. Pit stop • INTERNAL RHYME occurs when a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line • Once upon a midnight dreary, whileI pondered weak and weary. • From “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe
Vocab. Pit stop • END RHYME occurs when the word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line Hector the Collector Collected bits of string. Collected dolls with broken heads And rusty bells that would not ring.
Example- what is the rhyme scheme? • There was a Young Lady whose chin, • Resembled the point of a pin; • So she had it made sharp, • And purchased a harp, • And played several tunes with her chin. • -Edward Lear
More Examples by Edward lear • There once was a man from Nantucket • Who kept all his cash in a • But his daughter, named Nan, • Ran away with a • And as for the bucket, Nantucket. • There was an Old Man with a beard, • Who said, “It is just as I feared! • Two Owls and a Hen, • Four Larks and a Wren, • Have all built their nests in my beard!”
Your Turn! • Finish the limerick- • There once was a young man called Pete… • Or • There once was a girl from Peru…
Special Features • Similes, metaphors, and personification are often used • 14 lines • Written in iambic pentameter • 3 different rhyme schemes: • Shakespearean • Italian (Petrarchan) • Spenserian
Shakespearean vs. Italian sonnets Shakespearean (English) Italian (Petrarchan) • ababcdcdefefgg • 3 quatrains • 1 couplet • abbaabbacdecde • 1 octave • 1 sestet * Let’s Practice!
Vocab. Pit stop • COUPLET: a two line stanza • QUATRAIN: a four line stanza • SESTET: a six line stanza • OCTAVE: an eight line stanza
Iambic Pentameter • 10 syllables per line • Follows this pattern: • Unstressed syllable, stressed syllable
Check it out! • From Shakespeare’s sonnet number 18: Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Though art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all too short a date;
Guys vs. Girls Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, From ancient grudge break to new mutiny, Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean. From forth the fatal loins of these two foes A pair of star-cross’d lovers take their life; Whose misadventur’d piteous overthrows Do with their death bury their parents’ strife. The fearful passage of their death-mark’d love, And the continuance of their parents’ rage, Which, but their children’s end, nought could remove, Is now the two hours’ traffick of our stage; The which if you with patient ears attend, What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.
“Whatif” by Shel Silverstein Last night, while I lay thinking here, Some Whatifs crawled inside my ear And pranced and partied all night long And sang their same old Whatif song: Whatif I'm dumb in school? Whatif they've closed the swimming pool? Whatif I get beat up? Whatif there's poison in my cup? Whatif I start to cry? Whatif I get sick and die? Whatif I flunk that test? Whatif green hair grows on my chest? Whatif nobody likes me? Whatif a bolt of lightning strikes me?
“Whatif” cont… by Shel Silverstein WhatifI don't grow tall? Whatif my head starts getting smaller? Whatif the fish won't bite? Whatif the wind tears up my kite? Whatif they start a war? Whatif my parents get divorced? Whatif the bus is late? Whatif my teeth don't grow in straight? Whatif I tear my pants? Whatif I never learn to dance? Everything seems well, and then The nighttime Whatifs strike again!
“Whatif” by Shel Silverstein • 3. Which of the following best summarizes the main idea of this poem? • A. I have nothing to worry about • B. When I start worrying, I panic and worry about everything • C. I know strange and terrible things are going to happen to me • D. I’d better be careful so bad things don’t happen to me 2. From this poem, you can conclude that the speaker is most likely • A. an old man • B. a student • C. a toddler • D. a teacher 1. This poem is mainly about- • A. anger • B. sadness • C. confusion • D. worry • 4. In line 3 of the poem, the word pranced most nearly means- • A. walked slowly • B. hid • C. hopped • D. slept
Special Features • Diamante is the Italian word for “Diamond” • Diamond shape • 7 lines • Compare/contrast two subjects
Vocab. Pit stop • FORM: the physical structure of the poem: the length of the lines, their rhythms, their system of rhymes and repetition.
Form • Line 1: one word ( noun) • Line 2: two words (adjectives) • Line 3: three words (action verbs) • Line 4: four words (nouns) • Line 5: three words (action verbs) • Line 6: two words (adjectives) • Line 7: one word (noun)
Easy Visual Noun Adjective, Adjective Verb, Verb, Verb Noun, Noun, Noun, Noun Verb, Verb, Verb Adjective, Adjective Noun
Vocab. Pit stop • SYNONYMS are words that are similar in meaning • Ex. Buy and purchase, big and large • ANTONYMS are words with opposite meanings • Ex. large and small, fresh and stale
Synonym Diamante • Nouns for lines 1 and 7 are SYNONYMS Monsters Evil, Spooky Howling, Shrieking, Wailing Ghosts, Vampires, Goblins, Witches Flying, Scaring, Terrifying Creepy, Crawly Creatures
Antonym Diamante • Nouns in lines 1 and 7 are ANTONYMS Cat Gentle, Sleepy Purring, Meowing, Scratching Whiskers, Fur, Collar, Leash Barking, Licking, Digging Slobbery, Playful Dog
Brainstorming! hot slippery bright cold smoldering sledding Fire/Ice flaming skating shivering burning frost smoke freezer ember Read Write Think
Special Features • Tells a story • Has a plot- characters, setting, problem, and solution • Includes ballads and epics • UNLIKE fiction texts (novels and short stories), narrative poems use poetic devices • Ex. Lines, stanzas, rhyming, repetition, rhythm.
Examples “Casey at the Bat” by Ernest Thayer “Sick” by Shel Silverstein “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe
Vocab. Pit stop • ASSONANCE: repetition of vowel sounds in a line or lines • Ex. “Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep.” –William Shakespeare • CONSONANCE: repetition of consonant sounds in a word • Ex. “Silken, sad, uncertain, rustling…” • SIMILE: comparison of unlike things using “like” or “as” • Ex. “She is as beautiful as a sunrise.” • METAPHOR: comparison of unlike things • “All the world’s a stage, and we are merely players.” –William Shakespeare
Types of Narrative Poems Ballad Epic Tells the story of a heroic figure Usually includes superhuman deeds, divine intervention, fabulous adventures Ex. “The Iliad/The Odyssey” by Homer O Brother, Where Art Thou? • Similar to folktale or legend • Stanzas are usually 2 to 4 lines, with the 2nd and 4th lines rhyming • Usually set to music • Ex. “Annabel Lee” by Edgar Allan Poe, “The Lady of Shalott” by Alfred Lord Tennyson
Which literary device is utilized in this selection? An excerpt from “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe- “And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain Thrilled me - filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before; So that now, to still the beating of my heart, I stood repeating` 'Tis some visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door – Some late visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door; - This it is, and nothing more,”
Which literary device is utilized in this selection? An excerpt from “Frost at Midnight” by Samuel Taylor Coleridge “Therefore all seasons shall be sweet to thee, Whether the summer clothe the general earth With greenness, or the redbreast sit and sing Betwixt the tufts of snow on the bare branch Of mossy apple-tree, while the nigh thatch”