Holocaust Could the Holocaust Have Been Avoided?
Could the Holocaust Have Been Avoided?Vocabulary • Kristallnacht (Night of the Broken Glass) – November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews • Appeasement – giving in to demands • Immigration – to act of moving into a country of which one is not a native for the purpose of permanent residence • Prejudice - an opinion, judgment, or evaluation , favorable or more often unfavorable, conceived without proof, but based on what seems valid to one’s own mind
Could the Holocaust Have Been Avoided? • 1930’s • Europe and the United States • Unemployment • Soup kitchens and bread lines • Immigration declined
Could the Holocaust Have Been Avoided? • European Democracies • Appeasement • England and France (strong Anti-Semitism) • Kristallnacht • Hitler’s land grabbing moved them into action not the treatment of the Jews
Could the Holocaust Have Been Avoided? • United States • Allowed 15,000 Germans and Austrians with visitor status to remain in the United States • St. Louis • Anti-Semitism and Americans opposed changed immigration laws • In 1943, Jan Karski, a Polish diplomat, met with President Roosevelt concerning the death camps in Poland
Could the Holocaust Have Been Avoided? • World Jewish Congress pleas • Bombing was always postponed • U.S. military chose to bomb military targets • The Royal Air Force and Foreign Office found excuses not to act.
Could the Holocaust Have Been Avoided? • Responsibility for the tragedy of the Holocaust • Hitler and his Nazi henchmen • Harm could have been reduced • Prejudice is a disease that not only affects the mind, but the heart, eyes, and ears as well.
Could the Holocaust Have Been Avoided? • Activity • Debate: • Have the class debate whether the United States and England could have done more to prevent the Holocaust. If they decide they could have, ask what they could have done. If they decide they could not have, ask the reasons why it was difficult or impossible.