The New Deal The New Deal The United States during the 1930s. Debbie Donnelly, Kirkland H.S. and Jim Birney, Fife Education
The Background – early 1930s During President Hoover’s government the Depression was in full swing. Unemployment was at 13 million, industries were closed, farms repossessed and the Dust Bowl was disastrous, banks shut down and the stock market had major difficulties. People couldn’t find work anywhere so the government had to act. People searched the newspapers for job adverts.
The Background2 Hoover lost the 1933 presidential election and was succeeded by
The Background 3 A man who was to become one of the most successful and well liked presidents of all time Find out more about him.
The Background Roosevelt soon came to the conclusion that a massive change in the American way of life was needed to tackle the problems. What was needed was a “The nation asks for action and action now.” New Deal “Our greatest primary task is to put people to work.”
A “New Deal” for America A Nation on the road to recovery… “I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American People.” -FDR 1932 Created by Stacy Van Zummeren 2005
Destitute Alphabet Agencies Industry The New Deal Farming Stock Market Banking Find out more - Internet.
FHA NYA FCA USHA FCIC “Alphabet Soup” FERA FCC CCC AAA REA PWA HOLC
F E R A Emergency Relief Administration Federal
Provided people with the things they needed to survive… food clothing money
CCC Civilian Conservation Corps Took needy young men off the streets and put them to work in forests and national parks -carved out roads and hiking trails -cleaned up beaches -cleared camping areas Many of these are still in use today - look for the CCC signs!
CCC was also responsible for helping to end the horrible conditions of the Dust Bowl by planting over 2 million trees in a wide belt from Texas up to the Dakotas. These trees helped keep the topsoil in place.
WPA Works Progress Administration Provided jobs for 2 million workers
Slum clearance Construction of school and hospital buildings Flood control Rural electrification
Federal Art Project photographers writers painters performers sculptors
TVA Tennessee Valley Authority Created in 1933 to ease economic hardship in the Tennessee River Valley (Tennessee, Kentucky, Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, and Virginia) • Taught better farming methods • Replanted trees • Built dams
AAA Agricultural Adjustment Association
NRA National Recovery Act
HOLC Home Owners Loan Corporation
Did it all work? What happened next?
Resources Turck, Mary C. The Dirty Thirties. Logan: Perfection Learning Corporation, 2002. “New Deal.” World Book Encyclopedia. 14th volume. 1976. http:schools.clipart.com http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/t/3/t3b/courses/cas500fall2004/cas500fall2004syllabus.htm www.joric.com/ Conspiracy/flag-us-3.jpg www.americaslibrary.gov/ es/tn/es_tn_tva_1_e.html http://www.fruitfromwashington.com/Varieties/art/images/wpa_artexhibit.jpg www.theroadwanderer.net/ 66Oklahoma/route66OK.htm www.washingtonhistory.org/wshs/tes/ www.vtstateparks.com/htm/ccc