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The New Deal

The New Deal

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The New Deal

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Presentation Transcript

  1. The New Deal Chapter 24.1

  2. FDR’s Background What do you know about FDR?

  3. 20th Amendment • March inauguration • 20th Amendment – changes inauguration • Why change? • Reduces lame duck period • Get the Brain Trust to work!

  4. Frances Perkins

  5. Mary McLeod Bethune

  6. 21st Amendment • Prohibition OVER! • Ratified in 1933 • Last to ratify = Utah, Ohio… • … and Pennsylvania?

  7. Restore Hope Fireside chats First Fireside Chat

  8. First Action • Campaign promise = balance the budget • Economy Act

  9. Two Theories • Keynsian Economics • “Prime the Pump” • Borrow and spend money… • To create jobs • Run up large deficits • Pay debt later • Supply Side Economics • Tax cuts and breaks • Businesses reinvest • Jobs created • Benefits “trickle down”

  10. The Hundred Days • “FDR Push” = • New Programs: • Relief = people in need • Recovery = for the economy • Reform = never happen again

  11. Collaboration • Read Chapter 24.1 (p.624 – 631) • Research your programs • Record your findings (poster!) • Share with others

  12. Critics and Response Chapter 24.2

  13. Political Attacks • From the left: • Huey Long • Father Coughlin • Dr. Francis Townsend • Union Party • From the right: • American Liberty League • Supreme Court

  14. FDR Response • Second New Deal = • Works Progress Administration • National Youth Administration • Revenue Act of 1935 • Social Security Act • National Labor Relations Act • Soil Conservation and Adjustment Act

  15. Presidential Election - 1936

  16. Collaboration • Pick a partner (or two…) • Pick a program • Record your findings (poster!) • Share with the class

  17. End of the New Deal Chapter 24.3

  18. Final Legislation • Second AAA (AAA2): • “ever normal granary” • Crop insurance • Fair Labor Standards Act • Maximum hours • Minimum wage • Overtime pay • No child labor

  19. Recovery and Recession • Economy = slow, steady, shaky • 1937 = deficit fears • Roosevelt actions: • 1. Less spending • 2. Lays off workers • 3. Social Security tax • Effect: • Recession! • Back to Keynes! • Public fears!

  20. Packing the Court (9 15) • Legislation = reorganize fed courts • Add 6 to SC • Stated rationale • True rationale • Senate • Backlash • Effect – New Deal support suffers 15?

  21. Democratic Purge • Conflict • Primary = anti- speeches, letters by FDR • 1938 elections • Effect – No Congressional support • NEW DEAL IS OVER!

  22. New Deal Impact • Great Depression 2. Modern Government