A New President • Franklin D. Roosevelt became president in 1933. • He immediately began trying to get out of the Great Depression. • He started many new programs. They were called the New Deal.
The New Deal • The New Deal came from one of Roosevelt’s speeches. • “I pledge to you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people.” Many programs began running less than 100 days after he entered office.
The “3 Rs” • His New Deal focused on 3 things: • Relief, Recovery, and Reform • Relief: Feed and House America’s poorest people • Helped people right away • Gave $500 million to feed and house the poorest people
CCC • Civilian Conservation Corps • Gave jobs to young men • Worked on national parks and projects around the U.S • Men had to send money home
The “3 Rs” • The 3 Rs • Recovery: • Started programs to help recover the economy • Designed to recover businesses so they would make money • Many programs helped farmers • CCC • WPA: Works Progress Administration
The “3 Rs” • The 3 Rs • Reform • Tried to make sure that conditions that caused the Great Depression never happened again
Important Programs • FDIC: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation • Government insured the money put in the bank • Social Security • Unemployed could get money • Disabled could get money • Elderly could get money
Important Programs • SEC: Securities and Exchange Commission • Regulated trading on Wall Street (stock market) • Limited “out-of-control” investing
No Change • Social Security did not help everyone (farmers, domestic workers) • Businesses were still in trouble. • Despite all of Franklin D Roosevelt’s work, the Depression remained. • In 1939 there were still 10 million unemployed workers. • Roosevelt said, “I see one-third of a nation ill-housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished.”
Government • Think back to Herbert Hoover….he did not want the government to become involved. • Franklin D. Roosevelt- the government became larger and more powerful.
The First Lady • Many people worked to help the poor • Eleanor Roosevelt traveled across the country to make sure programs were working • Franklin D. Roosevelt had polio and was crippled • She was very concerned about the lives of women, children, and African Americans.
Eleanor’s travels • She said, “These trips gave me a wonderful opportunity to visit all kinds of places and to see and get to know a good cross section of people. Always during my free time I visited as many government projects as possible, often managing to arrive without advance notice, so that they could not be polished up for my inspection.”
Dorothea Lange • Dorothea Lange was a photographer who took pictures of the Great Depression. • People standing in bread lines • Farm families in the dust bowl • She was hired by the FSA to take pictures to show how families were affected. • The conditions of the poor were brought out for Americans to see
Forgetting Your Troubles • People wanted to forget their troubles • Comic books came out- Superman and Batman • Families played Monopoly(could buy and sell land) • People went to the movies
Movies • The drive-in theatre was created • Movies with music, dancing, and beautiful costumes were popular • People enjoyed King Kong • Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was popular
More Entertainment • Many people visited the World’s Fair and saw it as a symbol of hope. • 1933- Chicago • 1939- Queens, NY • Theme was “Building the World of Tomorrow” • People got a first look at the future television
Global Depression • The Depression began in the US • It spread around the world • Millions around the world were unemployed • Germany was trying to repay countries from WWI • Inflation (a rapid rise in prices) occurred and German money became worthless