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Civil Rights Movement

Civil Rights Movement

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Civil Rights Movement

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  1. Civil Rights Movement

  2. Civil Rights • Starting with Brown vs B of E, a string of events occurred that raised awareness for the movement • It was not easy and often ended up in violence • African Americans fought hard for their rights and would eventually get it

  3. Montgomery Bus Boycott • Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat and was arrested • Outraged by this the Women’s Political Council called for a boycott of the Montgomery Bus System in 1955 • Martin Luther King led the protest • Protest had to be peaceful • Boycott lasted a year • Bus system was finally integrated

  4. Eisenhower • Did not agree with segregation • Followed Truman and integrated many parts of the military • Did not think the government should force segregation on everyone • Let times change on its own • Did not endorse Brown vs. Board of Education • Despite this it was the law and he had to protect it

  5. Little Rock Nine • Nine African Americans were sent to attend Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas (1957) • Governor ordered Arkansas National Guard to prevent the students from attending • Challenged the constitution • Eisenhower had to get involved • Sent 101st Airborne to protect the students • Stayed for the rest of the year

  6. Sit-In Movement • Students wanted to get involved • Started using sit-ins to integrate local restaurants • Had to remain non violent • Very successful • SNCC was created • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee • Played a key role in civil rights movement

  7. Freedom Riders • Despite Montgomery Bus Boycott, many busses in South were still segregated • Many African Americans and whites traveled in the South to bring attention to the issue • Met violence in many of the stops • Birmingham • No police to stop KKK from beating the riders • Brought national attention to civil rights movement

  8. Kennedy • JFK saw the violence and knew he had to do something • Worried that Congress would not pass the laws • Used the Justice Department to fight for him • Ran by his brother Robert • Urged Interstate Commerce Committee to end segregation • Busses were finally integrated (1962)

  9. Assignment • In a group of 3-4 people, create a skit about one of the Civil Rights events • Your skit must be written as if you were a part of it • It must include 5 facts about the event • Perform the skit in front of the class

  10. Birmingham • MLK and other leaders were frustrated that no laws had been passed • The country had been consumed with Cuban Missile Crisis and other foreign affairs • Leaders wanted to bring attention back to Civil Rights • MLK focused on Birmingham, Alabama • Knew there would be violence

  11. Birmingham • Protests began and MLK was arrested • Letter from a Birmingham Jail • Described the issues they were trying to fix • As MLK was released, more protesters came and Bull Connor ordered them to be dealt with • Kennedy now had to do something • JFK finally announced his Bill

  12. March on Washington • MLK knew that the Civil Rights Bill would have a difficult time going through congress • Organized the March on Washington • 200,000 people of all races showed their support • “I have a Dream Speech” • With new President Johnson’s urging, the Bill became a Law

  13. Civil Rights Act of 1964 • Gave the Government the right to outlaw discrimination • Segregation is now illegal • Forced more schools to integrate • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

  14. Selma March • Despite victories with the new Civil Rights Act of 1964, there were still problems • African Americans were still facing issues with voting • MLK chose Selma as the focus for his protest • People were terrorized by white officers • Beaten as they were praying • All in front of TV cameras

  15. Selma March • Brought attention to the Nation • Johnson furiously forced congress to pass the Voting Rights Act of 1965 • Put the federal government in charge of poll stations • Outlawed literacy tests • 250,000 new African American voters

  16. Civil Rights • The main goals of the movement had been reached • Segregation was over, and voting rights had been achieved • New issues would soon arise • New voices would start a new way to deal with them